Fighter Interceptor Wing

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Introduction Just shortly, after the end of World War II the United States Air Force realized they needed a fighter jet to replace the highly popular P-51 Mustang. North American Aviation Corporation was granted the contract to build these medium range, single-seat, high-altitude, multi-purpose fighter jet/bombers. There were over 6,000 of the jets produced between the two facilities in Los Angeles, California and Columbus, Ohio. This plane was the first United States jet fighter with swept wings, which allowed it to unofficially break the sound barrier on 1 October 1947. Five years later, Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier flying a Canadian variant of the F-86. Not only was the plane more…show more content…
In early November, 1950 Soviet MiG-15s first ventured across the Yalu to engage the USAF, and on the 26th, half a million Chinese infantry attacked across the whole front, sweeping back MacArthur's troops. In the air, the MiG-15s similarly swept aside the out-classed American F-80s and assorted prop planes. In December, the USAF brought the 4th Fighter Interceptor Wing (4th FIW), equipped with North American F-86 Sabre jets into the conflict. The Sabre was a match for the MiG. On December 17, F-86s of the 336th FIS (Fighter Interceptor Squadron), 4th FIW ran their first fighter sweep along the Yalu, the area known as "MiG Alley." The Sabres engaged the MiG-15s on roughly equal terms, and soon scored aerial victories against the Russian jets. (Sherman , Acepilots, 2012) During the Korean War the United States Air Force had 40 Ace Pilots. Thirty-nine of those Ace Pilots flew the F-86. New, improved models of the F-86 appeared the 'E' in early 1952 and the 'F', with its hard wing, in August. These later Sabres gave the UN pilots an increasing…show more content…
As the technology advanced in China and North Korea the MiG 15 came in to play and was far more superior than the piston engine aircraft the United States and UN forces were flying. One of the most significant things about the MiG 15 is that with its superiority over the P-51 Mustang the United States Air Force had to keep all of the B-29 Superfortress’ grounded due to the lack of security. The B-29 Superfortress had been a major game changer in World War II. The B-29 was designed for the high-altitude strategic bomber role. One of the B-29's final roles during World War II was carrying out the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After the F-86 Sabre was introduced in Korea, they patrolled the area just south of the Yalu, the so-called "Mig Alley," in long figure eights, always turning towards the north to keep from being surprised. The F-86 Sabre’s and the MiG’s were evenly matched. Both had 6,000-pound thrust jet engines, and could go supersonic in a dive. The MiG was smaller, and it could climb higher and faster. The Sabre was faster in level flight and in a dive, had a greater range, and could turn tighter in a fast dive. The Sabre carried six 50-caliber machine guns, while the MiG relied on a single 37-mm and two 23-mm cannon. (Sherman, Acepilots, 2011) With the facts that were out about the MiG 15 the United States Air Force wanted to prove
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