Foreign Intervention On Democracy And Democratization

1939 WordsOct 24, 20168 Pages
I. Introduction With regards to democratic theory, this literature review hopes to determine the effects of foreign intervention on democracy and democratization. It will focus on whether foreign interventions result in increased or decreased levels of democracy within target states. This conversation is important because it will hopefully determine whether interventions will be successful in the growth of democracy in the future or whether or not interventions are needed as a mechanism for democratization at all. II. Literature Review and Analysis Democracy has been in a leading position in the world since it began to gain popularity during the beginning of the 20th century (Fukuyama, 2006). Because it expanded through coercive means, it has meant that democracy continues to extend across the world. When communism began to decline, the West was able to extend democracy into several places both openly and discretely in order to encourage favorable political systems. The nature of the expansion of democracy has been criticized in terms of its legitimacy and viability in developing strong and sustainable governments and benefits to the people of the target states. Most scholars say that intervention cannot lead to a stable democracy, Pickering and Peceny for instance provide a bleak picture by portraying that in the 50 years from 1946-1996, 84% of states going through democratization were not through intervention. Enterline and Greig (2008), argue that 30% of attempts made
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