I am a small textile factory owner from Prussia. Thanks to my king, Frederick the Great, and his economic reforms, my little factory has earned its highest profit since 1740. On the other hand, however, education has been poorly developed and even suppressed. Therefore, I humbly argue that his majesty is a flawed enlightened monarch. Before his majesty’s enlightened reforms, I suffered from a severe economic loss. Struggling to compete with foreign products and domestic trade restrictions, I even hesitated to shut down my business. However, his majesty’s policies saved me and my whole family. In 1763, the textile industry gained his majesty’s enthusiasm. His majesty offered as many help as he could to factory owners like me, including substantial amount of advices on designs, new export markets, and business management. …show more content…
If his majesty had transformed the university to an independent academic organization studying all of the most advanced theories at this age, especially your theories, monsieur, I would be more grateful than turning it into a state-controlled university, where professors were all government officials who were financially dependent on the state. Although his majesty has implemented some education reforms, the new policies were very much limited by the lack of fund: now my children are studying in a rented room in a local pastor’s house, and my family have to bear the expense of books and the money we pay the schoolmaster. In fact, most schools suffer from the lack of books, especially in rural areas. In rural areas, the education of peasant children consists almost entirely of reading religious manuals and simple religious texts. Furthermore, few artists and writers are independent from the state due to the lack of wealthy patrons, and thus information is largely limited. We heartily thank his majesty for his attempts of education reforms, but the current state of Prussian education is
Technology brought the “ready-to-wear revolution” to the people. The spinning jenny and the power loom makes mass production of clothing effortless. Various clothing and sizes were now available to everyone. The value of clothing and jewelry declined due to overproduction.
The Scientific Revolution consisted of a time period during which revolutionary ideas dramatically altered the thinking of people. It helped trigger the Enlightenment in which rulers acted in accordance with the advisement of philosophes who believed that everything should be thought of in a rational way that was based off of reason, not faith. Frederick the Great of Prussia and Joseph II of Austria were considered to be Enlightened rulers. By implementing modern changes that supported knowledge, education, and the arts for the betterment of the country and its society, Frederick the Great and Joseph II furthered the development of Enlightenment principles in contrast to the system that was previously enforced. However, they also created a
Frederick the Great of Prussia and William III of the Dutch Republic were two well known great leaders of Europe. They lived decades apart, William from 1650 to 1702, and Frederick from 1712 to 1786, yet had uncannily similar lives, in many aspects. These leaders, because of a somewhat controversial past, have lost many important clues about what their lives were really like. Nonetheless, it is known for sure that both were knowledgeable, great military leaders, champions of justice, and very likely homosexual.
The earliest factories in England came up by the 1730s and, with the technology enabled production processes like carding, twisting, spinning and rolling became faster and easier consequentially, between 1760 and 1787 raw cotton imports to British cotton industry rose from 2.5 million pounds to 22 million pounds. On the contrary, the traditional market of cotton cloth from India witnessed a steady decline from 30 per cent around 1800 to 15 per cent by 1815 and to 3 percent in 1870s. While exports of cloth declined rapidly, export of raw materials increased equally fast. Between 1812 and 1871, the share of raw cotton exports rose from 5 per cent to 35 per cent. This was not something triggered by the industrial revolution but the protectionist measures of the British t which imposed tariffs on cloth imports. The creation of cotton mill by Richard Arkwright brought processes under one roof and management, allowing better supervision, quality control, and the regulation of labour. Thus not only the trade the way business of production was handled also underwent a quantum change.
From around 1750 to 1900 Britain went through major changes or transformation in industry, agriculture and transportation that affected everybody’s lives. For some it generally improved their lives, however not all were so lucky. The industrial revolution brought with it many changes good for some and bad for others.
American textile manufactures were at an advantage compared to British manufactures, and they were very successful. America persuaded Britain to prohibit the export of textile machinery and the emigration of mechanics. Yet, still many British mechanics migrated over to the United States because they were lured by the higher wages. In competing the British mills, America had the advantage of an abundance of natural resources. America’s farmers were able to produce large amounts of cotton and wool, and they had fast flowing rivers that provided good
In the early to mid. 19th century, the world came to life with the introduction of machines that could create products in hours, compared to what it would take skilled craftsmen days to produce. These marvels began in Europe but soon found their way to the American shores. The very first textile mill was produced by an apprentice named Samuel Slater in 1790 after returning with the English secrets of the textile machinery still buzzing in his head (Wallace, 1985). Soon more factories began to rise up armed with the new technology. With the means to produce more products, railroads being built to ship vast amounts of goods between states and the mass amounts of wealth to be made during this revolution, what were once small rural farming towns
There are many children in the world today that hate school and wish they didn’t have to go, but years ago to these two kids school meant everything to them but sadly they couldn’t go. One being a black slave and the other, a blind and deaf girl. As a black slave you would never be allowed to learn anything, and being blind and deaf, well that’s self-explanatory. Even though they had those troubles, they let nothing stop them. Both "The Story of My Life" and “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave" share the central idea of powering through their struggles so they can gain knowledge, but they do so in different ways.
British cotton textile industry grew into the worlds most productive; its railway network became the nation’s principal means of inland transportation and communication; and a new fleet of steam-powered ships enabled Britain to project its new productivity and power around the globe.
Frederick Douglass was an abolitionist, author, and part of the Underground Railroad. He was a man determined to do as much as possible to help end slavery. As I continued to learn about Frederick Douglass’ hardships and trials as a child, I learned more about how these experiences shaped him as a writer. After he ran away from slavery and became educated by the wife of a plantation owner, Frederick Douglass began to write books aimed at the white population, politicians, and any slaves able to read, whose backing Douglass needed if he were to help end slavery. By aiming his book towards slaves Douglass hoped to inspire courage in them to escape their imprisonment and help the abolitionist movement. Many other notable authors and writers of
The Thirty Years War that spanned most of the Holy Roman Empire drawing in most of the European superpowers of the time started off as a much smaller rebellion in the Kingdom of Bohemia in the east of the Empire. The Bohemian revolt started with the Defenestration of Prague where two Catholic regents and a secretary were thrown out of a window by a group of frustrated Protestants. The regents had been placed in control of the city by the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia, Matthias to rule until his successor, Ferdinand of Styria, was elected to replace him. The Protestants were frustrated because their petitions to Matthias asking
Local artisans, laborers, and small merchants who traded outside of the British Empire, embraced the boycott of British goods and severance with England entirely because it afforded them economic opportunities that made the risk of revolution worthwhile (p. 145, Berkin). These groups had been living under the yoke of unfair taxation and an inexhaustible source of British competition in labor and goods. Revolution, for them, meant “a release from Britain’s mercantile policies, which restricted colonial trade with other nations, held out the promise of expanded trade and an end to the risks of smuggling (p. 145, Berkin).”
rederick II’s first act on assuming the throne of Prussia in 1740 was to take his state to war—a consequence, he later explained, of possessing a well-trained army, a full treasury and a desire to establish a reputation. For the next quarter century he confronted Europe in arms and emerged victorious, but at a price that left his kingdom shaken to its physical and moral core. As many as a quarter million Prussians died in uniform, to say nothing of civilian losses. Provinces were devastated, people scattered, the currency debased. The social contract of the Prussian state—service and loyalty in return for stability and protection—was broken.
During the 1800’s Great Britain’s empire stretched around the world, and with raw materials easily available to them this way, they inevitably began refining and manufacturing all stages of many new machines and other goods, distributing locally and globally. However, despite being the central ‘workshop of the world,’ Britain was not producing the highest quality of merchandise. When comparing factory-made products made in England to surrounding countries, most notably France, those products could not compare as far as craftsmanship and sometimes, simply innovation. It was suggested by Prince Albert that England host a sort of free-for-all technological exposition to bring in outside crafts into the country and also