Essay on French Colonialism and Vietnam

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Unlike many other European countries that sought out the territory in Southeast Asia merely for increasing their power through trade, the French first began interactions with the region as early as the 17th century. Alexandre De Rhodes began an expedition to the Southeast Asia region with the desire to expand the Jesuit missionaries throughout the region to further their belief. For many years until the 18th century, the Jesuits expanded and created many missionaries throughout the region. The 18th century had brought an astronomical expansion in the trading markets throughout Europe and Asia as all the European superpowers began colonizing all of Southeast Asia to further their trading “empires.” The French would also begin to …show more content…

De Genouilly was found to be using inappropriate war strategies during his campaign, especially while undertaking Saigon, which resulted in his dismissal in 1859. De Genouilly would be replaced by Admiral Page who had been instructed by the French government to not make any more territorial gains in Vietnam for the French. Page was to only use military action if the catholic missionaries in the region were under any threat. Even though this was what he was ordered to do, this did not last very long as the French under Page began to take over more provinces. On April 13th, 1862 the Vietnamese ceded three additional provinces to the French. Then just a year later, the king of Cambodia exchanged control over the Battambang and the Siem Reap for French protection over Cambodia from the threatening Asian powers. Things would remain relatively under control for the French until 1884 when the Chinese would challenge the French’s ambition to control the Tonkin region (Northern Vietnam.) The first of many wars to follow in between the 19th and 20th century for the French was the Sino-French war which lasted between 1884 and 1885. The French believed that the Northern region of Vietnam, Tonkin, should be placed under their control as they had control over the regions surrounding it. The Chinese who controlled Tonkin disputed this claim and a very short

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