In one study on social interactions, Veronica Galván and her partners examined how multiple types of conversations, especially ones on the cell phone, can affect a person’s attention to detail in his or her surroundings, as well as his or her memory of those details (1). The results of their experiment allowed them to conclude that people are more likely to focus on and remember a one-sided discussion than a two-sided one, suggesting that cell phone conversations are more distracting to bystanders than conversations between two or more people (Galván 6). In an experiment performed by Susan Kenyon and Glenn Lyons, they searched for the relationship between traveling and multitasking, with their main focus on multitasking that involves “information …show more content…
One of the main concepts that he uses to support this idea is the “friendly world syndrome,” which is essentially a phenomenon when people are unable to notice some of the more important problems in the world (149). The people might be unable to realize that a certain dilemma exists because the filter bubble can prevent them from seeing evidence of its existence, thereby stopping them from learning more about it. An example that Pariser provides is how Facebook is designed to favor posts that receive more likes (149-150). A post that addresses a serious issue in the world would be less likely to get attention from users if the post has a small number of likes, while a post with thousands of likes would be more likely to be shared across the world, regardless of its …show more content…
Both Walker’s study and Neider’s study emphasize the possible dangers of multitasking while walking, for both articles observe how people behave when they are crossing a road. As such, I define traveling as moving from one certain location to another, such as walking from one side of a street to the other side (Walker et al.). I also added the ability of multitasking to distract people into the definition because all four of the research articles focus on how multitasking can affect a person’s concentration to the people and events around him or her, whether that person gets distracted by talking on the phone (Neider et al.), listening to other discussions (Galván et al.), listening to music (Walker et al.), or any online activity that can be easily accessed on the phone or another portable device (Kenyon and
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Although cellphone use can provide drivers with various benefits, such as optimized commute time, navigation, and entertainment, the risks far outweigh any perceived advantages. Acts of multitasking, such as texting while driving, divides a person’s attention (Konig et al., 2005). This places substantial demand on a person’s restricted cognitive resources (Konig et al., 2005). For example, 14% of all American adults say they’ve physically bumped into another person or an object because talking or texting on their phone distracted them (Madden & Rainie, 2010). This shows that being engrossed by ones cellphone can affect even automatic processes like walking. As
In today’s world, distractions remain prevalent in simple everyday occurrences. Amongst these distractions is the use of cell phones whether simply walking down the hallway absorbed in a conversation or behind the wheel driving down the highway. Cell phones, no matter the context, are a major distraction. They have managed to pull us away from spending time with our families and appearing in places they are not prevalent such as family dinners and behind the wheel of a car.
Good morning everyone, today we call our world as busy world or multitasks world and with the rush-rush-rush mentality most people have these days; it's no surprise that more and more people are driving while distracted. Eating, talking or texting on a mobile phone, making adjustments to the radio, talking with passengers -- all take a driver's focus off of the road.
Most teens, and even adults, use their cellphones while they drive. They think a quick text or call won’t hurt while they are at a red light. They call it multitasking, and think that since they have a hand on the wheel they are fine. In the articles “How The Brain Reacts” by Marcel Just and Tim Keller, and “The Science Behind Distracted Driving” by KUTV, Austin they describe how the mind is working in the cellphone situation.
Past studies have shown that pedestrians who used a phone while crossing the street are likely to experience a decrease in situational awareness, attention distraction and unsafe pedestrian behaviours (Nasar & Troyerb,
Multitasking is a myth. There is no such thing as multitasking, if you multitask it will not be as good of work as if you don't multitask. Many experts have done studies and experiments on how multitasking hurts the brain and here is proof of that. Teens cannot effectively multitask because students feed on the resources they have to help them multitask, Students emotionally need and want to multitask, and teens cannot focus on more than one thing at a time.
Being distracted by your phone for a split second can not only change your life forever, but possibly someone else’s around you. Checking to see texts, answering calls or seeing the latest tweet has become more important than road safety. Society is forgetting how to communicate with each other without the use of technology. While sitting in a waiting room or standing in an elevator, take a look around you. In todays society, rather than talking to each other we are more inclined to use out cell phones to pass the time.
In this editorial, Live Science writer Kelly Dickerson found in a study that people who pulled out cell phones throughout a discussion found the conversation less rewarding. She claims that the compulsion to check our cell phones and the essential to stay tied into the straight network system can make people withdraw from their current activities, and it can produce anger between them and their family and friends. Cell phones are not only taking away the time alone to damage our associations with others, but we have similarly lost the incapability with people without watching at our phones and being present with another person.
It has been well established that human attention does not accommodate multitasking. The “cocktail party effect” described by Dr. Adam Gazzaley shows that true multitasking is impossible: during a cocktail party, someone can listen to a conversation while shifting their attention to look at another individual having a different conversation but can only notice minor details about the other conversation, such as the sound of their name (Richtel, 62). In addition, the possibility that a person can focus on two different things at once is further diminished by how the two main forms of human attention, bottom-up and top-down, function. Top-down attention is involved in focusing on goals and tasks like writing a paper, making a meal, or driving; on the other hand, bottom-up attention is what causes someone’s attention to focus on something instantly, such as the sounding of a fire alarm or a sound from a cell phone (Richtel, 105-6). This means that a driver’s focus (top-down attention) can be taken completely off the road by a vibration or noise that comes from their cell phone’s capturing their bottom-up attention.
Studies conducted from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety shows that using a cell phone while driving significantly impairs a driver’s reaction time and triples the risk of being involved in a crash or near-crash, and text messaging increases crash risk by a multiple of 8 for all ages (NHTSA, 2009). Situational awareness is significantly decreased while engaging in distracted driving, and in turn inattention blindness is increased drastically creating a potentially deadly situation on the roads. A driver who is multitasking has less brain function available and thus literally fails to see or pay attention to things that are squarely in the field of vision (Texting and Driving, 2010). On the other hand there are those that may be able to multitask successfully though the challenge is
“Attention Deficit: The Brain Syndrome of Our Era,” a chapter from The New Brain deals with the effects of modern technology. Here Restak examines the brain’s ability to multitask and the consequences of multitasking, for example, the risks of talking on a cell phone while driving. Our tendency to juggle tasks, Restak warns may be both unproductive and damaging to our brains. Multitasking forces our brains to process ever-increasing amounts of information at ever-increasing rates. Although technology has bettered the world, it is addictive and can lessen the human brain. With the constant use of phones and laptops it makes multitasking less productive. Your mind should be able to concentrate
Distracted driving is a well established problem, so much so that many states currently have bans in place when it comes to using technology while driving. But the problem of distracted walking is a relatively new one. Each year, more and more people are injured as a result of texting, talking or listening to music while on their cell phones. And while we might laugh at the woman who falls into the fountain while texting, or the man who walks into a wall while texting, the problem of distracted walking is a very real and serious one. by distracted walking has risen and it will definitely be
Research has shown the effects of walking while not paying attention. observers started the experiment by making a list of the most common causes of distractions while walking . The list includes people talking on their cell phones , listening to music , and talking to someone next to them. This experiment was tested out on 317 individuals (148 males , 169 females , 294 college students , 18 older people , and 5 not so sure) . Of these, 43 were single individuals without electronics, 47 were cell phone users, 54 were music player users and 52 were pairs. observers were standing in pairs at western Washington university’s red square along the walkway , with academic buildings and libraries in the near distances . The observers observed students at different times of the day and week to see which times were the most risk of students not paying attention. Observers also added a couple more measures like for example students stopped in their tracks , slowed down or almost fell down. Observers found that walking condition affected the time to cross. Those talking on cell phones and those walking in pairs crossed Red Square more slowly than singles without electronics and individuals using
Hook: Everyone thinks that multitasking is good for the brain and that everyone should want that skill. Well unfortunately studies proven by scientist at the institute in Paris Santé et de la Recherche Médication found that the brain splits into two, basically splitting the attention. It was said that at the most someone can do two things at once depending on the ease of the tasks. The reason being for this is due to the two frontal lobes of the brain designed to help someone with tasks.
Multitasking is becoming very significant on the workplace to complete the task in less time. In fact, some people believe that multitasking saves time and can be done at all together. On the other hand, some people think that it is a distracting activity which leads to a lack of concentration. According to David Silverman, “In Defense of Multitasking”, multitasking is “crucial to survival in today’s workplace” (522). However, I do not agree because multitasking reduces productivity, increases stress levels and it is, especially, problematic for students.