¨Gang members have been responsible for 61 percent of all homicides [in Chicago] in 2011, up from 58.7 percent in 2010¨ (Hidden America). These are some of the few disturbing statistics about gang violence in Chicago; however, as many people do not know, gangs have not always been about drugs and violence. In the early 19th century, gangs are not what people perceive them to be today. Gangs in the 19th century were volunteers with the fire department back in the Antebellum Period, which is the period before the civil war and after the War of 1812. As time went on and as the professional firemen forced the volunteers to break up, they started spreading apart. Then by the late 19th century, gangs started developing on the south side. This is …show more content…
As the years went by, and as white ethnic gangs began growing, white gangs started discriminating against other races, which would affect the remaining course of race relations. In 1869, male African Americans were able to vote, which helped the Republicans advance in the elections. Therefore, white ethnic gangs started terrorizing the African Americans. The white ethnic gangs, ¨[t]aking names like the Shielders and the Boundary Gang, white gangs patrolled the “color line” through the 1930s. These activities intensified with the accelerated migration of black southerners during World War II, prompting the Mayor 's Commission on Human Relations in 1946 to establish a Juvenile Bureau to investigate the role of youth groups in anti-black violence¨ (Diamond). As a defense against the racial violence, African Americans, Mexicans, and Puerto Ricans gangs rapidly increased all throughout the 1950s. The African American, Mexican, and Puerto Rican gangs made their marks around the city and have been known for taking over a neighborhood all throughout the 1960s. The Puerto Rican gangs resided in Humboldt Park; the Mexican gang brimmed Pilson and 18th street, and the African American gangs stayed by the South and West sides. Many of the people who join gangs are very young, ranging
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
In the 1940s the black population grew onward and since there were now more blacks in Chicago, there were buildings that were being built for low-income and poverty families and since the blacks were just now coming into Chicago looking for better employment they had to move to where they could afford. Now these buildings were being built on the west and south sides of Chicago. These buildings became like forts to these gangs These gangs grew intense over time in Chicago as well in New York. Gang war erupted over drug trafficking turf, which made black gang problems explode in the 1960s. It got so bad that law enforcement said that it was too dangerous for them to patrol around that area. Gangs of Chicago controlled many things like drug distribution
Chapter Four is entitled, “[The] Scope and Nature of the Current Gang Problem.” It focuses on recent trends in number of gangs, gang members and gang-related crimes in each city. In Inglewood, almost all the neighborhoods were claimed by at least one gang, with gang-unit officers agreeing that the city was facing a major gang problem. In Albuquerque, gangs were involved in drug trafficking and property offenses, with 7 out of 8 gang-unit officers believing the city had a major gang problem. In Las Vegas, migration from other cities was thought to be the primary cause of an increase in gang members. 50% of crime in Las Vegas is attributed to gangs, with most officers believing they had a moderate to major gang problem. In Phoenix, the gang problem is described as wave-like, with 70% of gang-unit officers thinking the city had a major gang problem. These statistics were backed up through interviews with officers and city records.
Gangs have been a growing issue across the United States for many decades now. Youth gang violence may have started around the ‘50s, but did not become a serious issue until the ‘80s and from there went through a downward spiral in some cities like downtown Los Angeles, which was where the notorious Bloods and Crips gangs both started. First, let’s simply define a gang as a group of people, mostly men ranging for ages 14-30, who claim territory and use it to make money for themselves and their neighborhood through illegal activities such as trafficking drugs and weapons. There are many reasons and components that are factored in when conducting research to hypothesize “why do people join gangs?” That is why it is necessary to compare and contrast all the social, biological, psychological, developmental, and substance abuse aspects and relate it to joining a gang. It is also important to touch base on the differences between males and females that join gangs, such as power differentials, social learning differences and social stratification differences.
Gang involvement and its associated violent crime have become a rapidly growing problem for the United States. Generally, gangs consist of young people of the same ethnic, racial, and economic background. Usually of a low socio-economic status, these gangs engage in illegal money making activities and intimidate their neighborhoods and rival gangs with violent crimes and victimization. Gang members exemplify a high value for group loyalty and sacrifice.
At any rate, it is very clear that some youths engage in more gang activity than others; some might be called "the wannabes" who move out of the influence of the gang on the basis of whether or not a program of interest intercepts drawing them completely away from the gang. Within the "wannabes" there are many little brothers and sisters, sometimes referred to as "pee wees." However, on separate and certain occasions they are sent home by their older siblings when something was about to happen for which only older members were being mobilized. Moreover, I am going to go into explicit detail on two Hispanic gangs The Mexican Mafia, the Nuestra Familia, and the Latin Kings.
The correlation between gangs and drugs has always been an issue for the United States government. Major cities often overlooked the problem of youth gang violence, thinking it was only a 1960’s trend. Sixty years later, gangs and drugs continue to be a problem, but in an increasing number within urban, suburban and rural areas in the United States. People may characterize this problem with words such as violence, increase drug activity, and delinquencies, but not many seem to see the bigger picture. Lack of interaction, collaboration, and strategies from law enforcement, youth centers, businesses, churches, and political icons are increasing gang violence and drug related offenses in major cities. In such cities as Chicago, minority groups are the most vulnerable to joining a gang, which then leads to an involvement with drugs; they are faced with barriers – lack of family support, poverty, segregation, unemployment, etc. An incident that happened in Chicago history is the closing of the Cabrini-Green Project, where people involved with gangs had to find a new home, scattering gang-members throughout the city, and eventually leading to their spread and growth.
Gangs, violence, fights, all these things have been going on for years, America has had many famous mobsters. Chicago has had many gangsters who have influenced gang ways, Al Capone is an often used and a outstanding example of one that has shaped Chicago gang life and ways. Al Capone was strained when he was young. He contrived Chicago when he was here, he even affected us at his end.
ethnic groups occurred in every ‘transitional’ neighborhood, the ‘succession’ of African Americans out of their areas of ‘first settlement’ was systematically blocked” (Hagedorn 197). By doing the aforementioned the white gang’s behaviors have contributed to the racial segregation of Chicago and the explosive gang related crime in the present day south side of Chicago.
This paper deals with gang violence in the city of Chicago since the beginning of time. It takes a deep look into the history of Chicago gangs and how they interact today. Also the past problems the City of Chicago made when dealing with gangs and the problems that gangs today have and how Chicago has the worst gang problem in the country. Also how gangs have turned themselves into big, and lucrative enterprises most known for money. Also stated are possible solutions to stop or reduce violence of the gangs that all start off with teaching the young kids about gangs and gang prevention.
The 1960’s or 1970’s is when gangs were originated. Gangs became a formation of protection against racial crimes being committed by whites. There were quite a few popular gangs such as the Slausons,
Early American History was a time where slavery, immigration and neighborhood boundaries issues occurred. Where most Americans had left their homes in search for economic opportunity or where the British had Invaded the US again. History now is similar to early American history because of the gangs, violence, and chaos.
According to the ncjrs.gov, historically the United States has encountered four points in history of gang growth. The late 1800’s, the 1920’s, the 1960’s, and the 1990’s. The earliest debuts of gangs in the United States is suggested to be around the ending of the American Revolution in 1783. Groups or as a collective response to urban conditions. They may have emerged from adolescent play Gangs also spread into England in the 1800’s right as the industrial revolution took off in large cities such as New York and Chicago. The peak during this time was due to immigration and shifts in the population. The large cities attracted immigrants and spread them into areas of transition. This became launching pads toward more prosperous, middle class
First, people are leaving because of bad living conditions. Gang violence is one of the many reasons why children are leaving. In the blue article, paragraph 3 quoting from the article, “we hid in destroyed buildings.” Gang violence must be so bad that people have to leave their homes to get away from gangs. They could also be leaving their countries because of other people could be trying to hurt them of their families. In the red article, paragraph 7 people are having to find a way to protect their family by leaving their house. The living conditions are also bad because they are not getting a good education. In the pink article paragraph 23 ‘I only completed second grade, it makes
Abstract: This review studies in depth research done on street gangs. Social issues have social scientists turning away from including this in their research around this time. Sociological views have been changed dramatically in the past 40 years due to gender and racial studies. Also, women have started to join gangs since America has been changed with woman equality laws passing.
We’re surrounded by a virus and epidemic of gang violence that’s destroying our youths, Living in a non-caring world, were hatefulness and ignorance, abide with us to…