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Gender And Mental Rotation Essay

Decent Essays
THE INFLUENCE OF GENDER ON THE NUMBER OF CORRECT ANSWERS ON THE MENTAL ROTATION TASK

Introduction Gender is known to be one of many variables, which has been discovered to influence cognitive performance. Cognitive gender differences are defined as average differences in performance between females and males on tests of academic achievement and cognitive abilities (Miller & Halpern, 2014). Additionally, different cognitive tasks are recognised to favour different gender. While males typically outperform females on tasks dealing with mathematical ability, spatial navigation and mental rotation, females tend to outperform males on tasks dealing with verbal production, memory and perceptual speed. Spatial tasks such as mental rotation tasks, however, show the largest sex
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The study did not show any significant differences between the males and females for response accuracy. Nevertheless, the fMRI activation data for male participants showed remaining neuronal activation in the parietal lobule, parietal lobule has special regions that help you visualize objects and manipulate mental images spatially (rotation functions). The female participants, however, showed the remaining neuronal activity in the right inferior frontal gyrus, which in addition involve some speech areas. Because of the remaining activation being present in different parts of the brain in male and female participants, it was predicted that different gender uses different processing strategies when solving mental rotation task. Men seem to use visual gestalts as strategies to solve a mental rotation task, while women use more frontal lobe areas that may be related to language functions (silently speaking to oneself) when solving the task (Hugdahl, Thomsen, & Ersland,
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