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Gender, Contingencies of Self-Worth, and Achievement Goals as Predictors of Academic Cheating in a Controlled Laboratory Setting

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Title:
“Gender, Contingencies of Self-Worth, and Achievement Goals as Predictors of Academic Cheating in a Controlled Laboratory Setting”

Study Objective:
In this research, experimenters were curious as to see how gender differences related to cheating. Based off this the experimenters further evaluated how competition and virtue played an affect on how little or how much one might cheat. As noted in the title, “Gender, Contingencies of Self-Worth, and Achievement Goals as Predictors of Academic Cheating in a Controlled Laboratory Setting,” these contingencies were the focal point of this study. Studies before had been based off self-report and observation, which created a problem and produced errors as to the rate of cheating.
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In this time, the confederate obtained the answer key and proceeded to copy the answers as well as asking the participant if they wanted to cheat. If the participant rejected the offer they then asked again. The confederate then left the classroom to use the restroom leaving the participant alone. This allowed for them to either cheat off the confederates test or the answer key. The experimenter returned shortly after and collected the test. Then, the participants took a short 4-question questionnaire with open-ended questions about the test. Afterwards the participants were debriefed.
The research conducted in this study was experimental. You can tell because it was in a laboratory setting where every situation was controlled. They were searching for whether or not the participants would cheat and manipulated the variables in a way that allowed for participants to cheat by having the experimenter leave the classroom as well as the confederate.

Results:
After the experiment was conducted and the results analyzed the study found that 57% of the participants showed cheating on one or more of the 5 questions that could not be solved. When is comes to differences in gender, men were shown to have cheated more then women. But, within the number of participants who cheated the number of questions they cheated on did differ among gender. For contingencies of self-worth
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