Gender Differences In Schizophrenia Research

Good Essays

Schizophrenia is an elaborate, chronic mental health disorder categorized by a collection of symptoms. The illness typically interferes with the person’s capability to partake in social events and to cultivate significant relationships. It can be a rather disabling disorder for many patients and families because of its early onset of the disease. Social withdrawal is behavior in which typically precedes a person’s first psychotic episode, but some individuals may display no symptoms at all. Schizophrenia requires rapid treatment at the first indication of a psychotic episode (Patel, Cherian, Gohil, & Atkinson, 2014). The cause of schizophrenia is currently unknown, for it is a very complex illness. Although, researchers have discovered that …show more content…

However, researchers have discovered that there are, in fact, gender differences. For instance, studies expose that schizophrenia and first-episode psychosis are less apparent in women then in men. In addition, it seems that the diagnosis of the illness, the social functioning and the reaction to treatment is better for women (Ochoa, Usall, Cobo, Labad, & Kulkarni, 2012). A possible explanation for women adjusting better to the illness could be because of the higher age of onset than men. Women tend to also need to be exposed to more risk factors for schizophrenia to be triggered versus men (Ochoa et al., 2012). Patients with schizophrenia are at an increased risk for suicide. While suicide is much more common in men in the general population, a study found no significant difference between men and women with schizophrenia in collective suicide risk or rate (Carlborg, Jokinen, Jonsson, Nordstrom, & Nordstrom, …show more content…

With a combination of antipsychotic medications, it is the most frequently implemented treatment offered to patients (Fenton, 2000). Individual psychotherapy confronts the human components of adaption and targets problems that follows such as: symptoms, relapse, denial, discouragement, treatment agreement, interpersonal relationships, and self-esteem. Since this approach’s attention is understanding the patient’s views, attitudes, ambitions, and experiences; clinicians will continue to implement this method (Fenton, 2000). Another approach for treatment of schizophrenia is family psychoeducation (FPE). This method has been established as one of the most effective psychosocial treatments developed. It integrates a patient’s family, caregivers, and friends into important and constant treatment and rehabilitation (McFarlane, 2016). In further detail, FPE consists of cognitive, behavioral, and helpful therapeutic features while utilizing a counseling structure. Overall, FPE has reduced the percentage of relapse for persons suffering from schizophrenia to 40% (McFarlane,

Get Access