Gene Therapy : An Experimental Technique

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Characteristics are passed on to future generations through an organism’s DNA. But what happens when there is a genetic disorder that one would not want to pass on to their offspring? This is where the new technology of gene therapy may be able to help.
Gene therapy is an experimental technique that involves altering genes within the body’s cells in order to prevent genetic disorders (Mayo Clinic, 2015). The objective of gene therapy is to edit a defective gene sequence in situ to achieve complete reversion of a disease phenotype for the lifetime of the patient (British Journal of Haematology, 2009). Genes control DNA, the code that controls much of the body’s function and form. Genes that are mutated and deformed can cause disease or disorders. Gene therapy substitutes defective genes or adds a new gene in an attempt to cure a disease or improve the body’s ability to fight against the disease. Gene therapy has the potential to treat or cure a range of diseases and genetic mutations including cancer, cystic fibrosis and haemophilia.
Currently there is no known cure for genetic disorders. We can only treat the symptoms. However, gene therapy is the new potential breakthrough in the fight against genetic disorders and diseases that gives hope for those who presently suffer from genetic disorders. Researchers and scientists are currently studying how and when to use gene therapy.
I am cautiously in favour of gene therapy practices and research. However, in my opinion, much
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