General Practice of Psychiatric Institution Abstract This research is based on general practice in the psychiatric institutions. It involves a qualitative research method that that uses three peer-reviewed journal article containing information about the scope of psychiatry, emerging issues in accommodating patients and highlight on medication of mental illness. Mental illness is a prevalent disease in the United States and receives a lot of attention. Psychiatric institution that involves in the treatment includes hospitals, schools, community-based care centers and juvenile facilities. Findings of the study indicate that mental illness is on the rise. The federal government should streamline policy issues and increase the budgetary allocation towards psychiatric institution. Contentious issues regarding on the assessment and qualification of mentally ill to seek medication should be addressed. Key Words: Mental disorders, Psychiatric institution, deinstitutionalization, Hospitals, Community-based Care. Introduction Psychiatric problems are prevalent in United States and internationally. Multiple researches indicate that one out of four people in the United States suffer from one or more mental disorders. A study by National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R) conducted between 2004 and 2009 indicated that 22.8% of the population suffer from a diagnosable psychiatric disorder every year (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Studies also indicate that the
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Baumeister, A. A., Hawkins, M. F., Lee Pow, J., & Cohen, A. S. (2012). Prevalence and Incidence of Severe Mental Illness in the United States: An Historical Overview. Harvard Review of Psychiatry (Taylor & Francis Ltd), 20(5), 247. doi:10.3109/10673229.2012.726525
Approximately one out of every four Americans suffers from some form of mental disorder in a given year. About 3.5 million Americans suffer from severe mental illnesses like schizophrenia and manic-depressive illness. At least 40 percent of mentally ill people do not seek help or are not being treated, while many wander the streets homeless (Kornblum).
One in five American adults have experienced a mental health issue, and one in twenty-five Americans have lived with a serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depression. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services also states studies show that individuals with mental health problems get better and may even recover completely, where they can continue living life healthily, with the help of treatments, services, and community systems. I, myself am one of the twenty-five.
In the United States alone, approximately 20% of Americans experience a mental illness in a given year, and 1 in 25 Americans live with a serious mental illness that significantly impacts one or more life activities (NAMI.org, 2015). These disorders span across the lifetime, many starting by the age of 14, and mental health care is often the root of progress or hindrance for a person whose life is impacted by these unseen disorders. Though it is not always evident that an individual is experiencing mental illness, these complications influence the daily lives of millions of people worldwide, regardless of age, culture, race, religion, or other delineation. As a result, it is vital that this sector of healthcare be thoroughly examined for inefficiencies,
Bernstein et al (2011) affirm that in the United States, “25% of adults have a diagnosable mental disorder” (as Cited in Ghodse, 2011, pg. 451, ¶2) and “the high rate of mental illness
Did you know that 19.9 percent of adult Americans had some sort of a mental illness, according to the Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (samhsa.gov, 2015, Para. 3). This is a total of 45.1 million adults in America suffering with mental health disorders (samhsa.gov, 2015, Para. 3). There are also currently 20.8 million adults in America who suffer from substance use disorder ever year (NAMI.org, 2015). Both of these are alarming statistics of the wellbeing of the American citizens. To make matters worse, these two groups intertwine to a population of people known with a co-occurrence of mental illness and substance use or, more commonly known as, dual diagnosis.
Mental sicknesses, like schizophrenia, brain diseases and other living conditions have affected many individuals in the United States from the past until now. Yet in the US, the institutions that usually treat people with these illnesses are not hospitals or psychiatric facilities, but rather jails and prisons. The United States have adopted a system that seems to incarcerate the mentally ill rather than treating them within help centers. “In 2012, there were roughly 356,268 inmates with severe mental illnesses in prisons and jails, while only 35,000 people with the same diseases were in state psychiatric hospitals.” Incarcerating the mentally ill in correctional facilities rather than treating them in health
Bachrach, the author of dozens of articles on mental health, reports on the development deinstitutionalization in “Deinstitutionalisation: promises, problems and prospects” (1995). Bachrach argues that deinstitutionalization is not a perfect solution to the problem of the treatment of PMI and supports her argument with discussions about both the drawbacks and “positive legacy” of deinstitutionalization. She explains that deinstitutionalization has three parts: the release of patients into the community, the diversion of possible new patients and the development of newer community programs; Bachrach logically explains that the last process is “particularly important” because it impacts the entirety of the patients new independent life in the community. Multiple sources remarked that the third step of deinstitutionalization had not been properly handled (SOURCES?), one author going so far as to call the last step, and deinstitutionalization as a whole, an “abject failure” (Kara, 2014). While the author supports this claim with the consequences that things such as the lack of community resources has had on the population of PMI, she does not concede any of the positive outcomes of deinstitutionalization making her argument somewhat one sided. The article explains that while institutions began closing, “hundreds of vulnerable people were displaced” to communities that were not properly equipped to support them. An article from the Canadian Mental Health Association website by Diana Ballon supports this claim with a more concrete figure stating that since 1950s and 60s and the beginnings of deinstitutionalization there has been “the closure of almost 80 percent of beds in psychiatric hospitals” (n.d.). This increase of PMI living in communities with a lack of proper housing lead to a disproportionally large number of PMI being homeless or living in poverty which “greatly increase[s] the odds of PMI
In recent times, the responsibility of providing health care services has fallen on the shoulders of the primary health care providers. In turn, this reflects on the treatment preferences of many citizens and the subsequent availability and further the affordability of health care services. Quite some patients now receive health care for mental disorders from their primary health care providers. Therefore, this shows that the mental health afflicted patients are getting the proper treatment and prescription of their disorders from their doctors.
Mental disorders are highly prevalent in the United States, with approximately one in five adults (43.7 million individuals) experiencing a mental illness in 2012. Mental disorders disproportionately affect women (prevalence among women: 22% vs men: 14.9%), and younger individuals (prevalence among those <50 years old: 40.8% vs ≥ 50 years old: 15.8%).4 Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent and commonly diagnosed mental illnesses, with 18.1% of adults diagnosed with panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD),
2016 reports state that there has been a 4 percent increase of American adults suffering from mental illness (18.53 percent) when compared to 2015 (18.19 percent) (“2016 State of Mental Health in America - Adult Data”, MHA). Mental disorders have been a continuous public health concern within the United States, one of most chronic, disabling, costly, and recognizable being Schizophrenia. Contrary to popular belief, this mental disorder is rather common, an estimated 1.5 percent of the United States population being diagnosed within their lifetime (“What is Schizophrenia?”, SRF). Although treatment provided by specialty services may be highly effective, only 44 percent of Americans diagnosed seek treatment. In order to encourage that number to rise, the United States government needs to update the costs per treatment, increase the effectivity, and inform the population of the demands it deserves in order to achieve effective recoveries.
The U.S. Department of health and human services exclaims that “Mental health includes emotions, psychological and social well-being of the body. These affect how everyone thinks, feels and acts” (Aspa). The U.S department of health and human services also states that “emotions and well-being of the body is an important stage of life from childhood to adolescence through adulthood”. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, “43.8 million adults experience mental illness each year and nearly 10 million, or 1 in 25 adults, are living with a serious mental illness.” As a result, The American Psychiatric Association has identified and classified these mental illnesses into four categories; anxiety, mood disorders, bipolar disorders
There are lists upon lists of mental disorders and illnesses, and a lot of them people are not aware of. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), bulimia, anorexia, anxiety, schizophrenia, and depression are just a few of the most well-known and common mental illnesses. In America, about 18 million people are diagnosed with depression, 15 million with anxiety, 5 million with OCD, and 3 million with schizophrenia (Raley and Johnson 50). There are even more people
Psychiatry is a branch of medicine that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of emotional, mental and behavioural disorders. With recent life style most of us are suffering from psychological issues one or other. Every year, nearly 42.5 million American adults suffer from some psychiatric issues. One in four adults that is approximately 61.5 million citizens experiences mental illness in a given year; around 13.6 million live with a serious mental illness such as chronic depression, bipolar disorder and Schizophrenia; about 20% of youth of age 13 to 18 experience severe mental disorders and for ages 8 to 15 the estimate is around 13%. Despite effective treatment, there are long delays sometimes decades between the first appearance of symptoms and when people get help. American spends nearly $193.2 billion for serious mental illness per year. Psychiatric disorder such as depression can be listed in top 3 causes of hospitalization in the U.S. for both young and adults between ages 18 to 44. Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the U.S.A; more than 90% of those who die by suicide had one or more mental disorders.