Genetic Engineering Ethical Issues

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4.1 Ethical Issues:

Ethical issues of genetic engineering include threat to life of a genetically engineered animal.
• Some religious critics see genetic engineering as “playing god” and say that life is sacred and it need not be altered by humans. They believe that the will of the human creator is defied by the method involved in genetic engineering.
• Some secularists have a belief that life should not be altered. Technologies such as antibiotics and contraceptives interfere with the natural evolution process[1].
• There is a risk of creation of new diseases that may be incurable (as of now) by the combination of animal DNA and human DNA with plant DNA. The long-term risks of this technology to the environment are still unknown. Various environmentalists believe that it is nit right to create such animals that might suffer as a result of genetic alteration.

4.2 Safety:

Genetically engineered organisms or to be more precise food are actually not very good for human safety. Let us take the example of a genetically engineered brand of L-tryptophan, which is a common dietary supplement. It killed more than 30 people and permanently disabled more than 1,500 others with a potentially fatal and painful blood disorder called eosinophilia myalgia syndrome in 1989 and 1990 in America[1]. Other examples include the widespread use of DDT in past decades that has caused serious problems that were unintended and unexpected.

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