Government Power and Authorities

1111 Words Jun 16th, 2018 5 Pages
#1. (Chapter 2) Define Federalism and Separation of Powers, Identify the Major Sources of State and Federal authorities explicit to the Constitution, and explain why the division of powers architecture was important to the Framers.

Federalism is the division of Governmental powers and authorities between the State and Federal Governments. Separation of Powers is not actually labeled or defined within the constitution. However, the Framers of the constitution found “to avoid tyranny, a separation or division of authority must exist” (Feldmeier & Hall, 2012). They believed if the powers and authorities weren’t separated there would be sheer chaos in the Nation. The U.S. Constitution explains the authorities the State and Federal
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Some more of the powers of Congress found in Article I, section 8 of the Constitution are; “Congress has the power to impose and collect taxes which are to provide for the debts of the United States, as well as for the common defense and welfare of the Country, Congress has the power to borrow money on behalf of the United States, The regulation of commerce, both on the international and interstate levels, Congress has the Power to establish currency and coin money, The power to establish post offices, and to organize, train, and arm a militia” (Understanding Enumerated Powers, 2014).

#4. (Chapter 5) Explain presidential privilege and immunity, citing and discussing the most significant Supreme Court cases in the area.
Once a person is officially elected to be the United States President, he is entitled to presidential privilege. Presidential privilege consists of matters of confidentiality. A matter Presidential privilege was first questioned “by a federal court in the 1807 treason prosecution of Aaron Burr. An issue in United States v. Burr was the production of a letter Aaron Burr had sent to President Thomas Jefferson” (Feldmeier & Hall, 2012). In this case, President Jefferson had to produce the said letter. Presidential privilege was questioned again when President Nixon was in office. There were accusations of President Nixon recording conversations which were held in the oval
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