Group 1 Bee Sting Final Fall 2014 Essay

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BIOL 2010, Anatomy and Physiology I
Group 1
Tammy Bohanan, Hannah Thompson, and Hannah Grigsby
Bee Sting,
Fall 2014

The Case: It’s a warm Fourth of July and you are walking across the park to your favorite picnic spot. You are allergic to and highly phobic about bee stings. While walking, you hear a buzzing sound to your right. You turn your head and see a large bee hovering over your right shoulder. You reach with your left hand to swat the bee, but just as you make contact, it stings you anyway. You notice that you are sweating and your skin turns red. You realize that your Epi-pen was left in the car, so you panic and begin sprinting back to the car to get it.’

The Assignment: Name and describe all of the
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CO2 is released as a waste product. The 2-carbon acetyl group binds to coenzyme A. At this point, the process starts to move into the mitochondria and the Krebs Cycle is initiated. There is a net gain of 2 ATP and 2 molecules of NADH produced.

During Krebs Cycle, the acetyl CoA breaks down further into two molecules of carbon dioxide during each turn of the cycle. In the process, the molecules FAD and NAD are reduced to FADH2 and NADH. 2 ATP is generated during the Krebs Cycle.

The reduced FADH2 and NADH enter the Electron Transport System where they are re- oxidized to FAD and NAD. These electrons release energy which forms 32 ATP molecules.

During aerobic respiration, there is a total net gain of 36 ATP.

2. (6 pts) Turn your head to the right. (Create a table* that describes which muscles move which bones across which joints under the control of which nerves)
Turn head right:
Rotation to the shoulder of opposite side

Manubrium of Sternum and Clavicle
Mastoid Process of temporal bone and the occipital bone
Accessory Nerve
Flexion and slight rotation of the head
(scalenus anterior, scalenus medius, and scalenus posterior)
Transverse processes of clavicle vertebrae
First two ribs
Cervical nerves (C3-C6)

3. (10 points) Trace the image of the bee to perception. (Include all focusing, transduction, transmission and perception processes and structures)
The ear receives

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