HIV Case Study

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INTRODUCTION
13-24-year-old age group (adolescent and young) is one of the highest risk age group for the new HIV infection acquisition in the United States. From 2008 through 2012, the new HIV infection and diagnosis has been increased in this age group, and in 2012, the highest rate of new HIV diagnosis was in 20-24-year age group (1). An estimated 9,961 youth were diagnosed with HIV in 2013, representing 21% of the 47,352 people diagnosed that year (22). Though the combination of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is highly effective for both the prevention (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, PrEP) and the treatment of HIV infection, it requires daily or nearly daily doses for an extended period (2). This long-term daily dose significantly reduces the
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non-perinatally acquired). We hypothesized that interest level would be significantly different between perinatally and non-perinatally infected youth. Our secondary objective is to explore the association of demographic and other patient characteristics with interest and attitude towards the parenteral long-acting antiretroviral drug.
This is the first effort to evaluate the attitudes of youth (13 – 24 years) towards the promising new technology of parenteral antiretroviral. These data will help to develop strategies for maximizing adherence to those high-risk youths who are particularly likely to be benefitted from them. Ultimately, the results of these findings will provide the pediatric and adolescent patient perspective in the decision-making surrounding the development and deployment of parenteral nano-formulated antiretroviral.

METHOD
303 English speaking patients between the age of 13 to 24 years were recruited in our cross-sectional survey study between January 1, 2016 to April 1, 2017 who were already infected with HIV and were receiving care at one of the four HIV clinics: Saint Jude’s in Memphis, TN; Emory in Atlanta, GA; and the University of Maryland and the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore MD. Participants who were
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