Hcv In Prison Essay

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The social dimensions in a prison setting impact the biomedical aspect of HCV by dramatically increasing an inmate’s risk of HCV transmission. Prisons socially determine the transmission of HCV infection among prison inmates in several ways. First and foremost, the use of unsterile drug needles and associated paraphernalia for illicit drugs leads to transmission of HCV among prison inmates (1). A high proportion of inmates are injection drug-users and addicted to various drugs. According to the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CSSA), at least 7 of 10 offenders in the federal correctional system have engaged in drug use within the one-year period to their incarceration (2). Although the prison inmates do not have access to sterile needle equipment, they continue their habit during incarceration. This is due to the lack of health services for addiction management in most prisons, where the resources provided – if any – do not provide the adequate support required to cope with addictions treatment (1). Studies show that inmates are far less likely to benefit from health-education activities, such as drug abstinence counselling, without parallel medicine-based treatment (1). Drug addiction management treatment may include methadone or buprenorphine maintenance treatment (1). Second, a high proportion of …show more content…

This may include gang-affiliation tattooing, unprotected anal sex, and increased trafficking and use of illicit injection-drugs (7). All of these activities greatly magnify the inmate’s risk of contracting HCV due to the social dimensions in a prison environment. In most societies, the prison setting exacerbates existing health conditions of inmates and encourages high-risk behaviours that can lead to HCV transmission and disease

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