Healthcare in South Africa

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Global Health has evolved over time in response to inequities resulting from racial, ethnic, economic, and other disparities among the world’s population. The World Health Organization and other global health response organizations, as well as individual governments define and gather relevant statistics that can assess a nations overall health status as compared to that of other nations. In doing so, the comparisons identify countries with high levels of negative health outcomes, how well they are being addressed, and what social, political, and economic factors contribute to such health disparities. South Africa is a nation that has complex health care needs and shortcomings even though it is the second wealthiest nation in Africa.…show more content…
1990 is a reflection of the census of South Africa in the years preceding the apartheid movement. By 2000 we see the effects of the movement on healthcare outcomes, and 2011 figures present current trends that predict future changes relative to historical data. As the demographic table shows, the population of South Africa is increasing at a relative pace. More notable data is the percentage of the total current population living in urban areas has increased from 56.89% in 2000 to 61.99% in 2011. ("South Africa-demography data," 2014) Infrastructure and health care personnel must be allocated to meet increased utilization of healthcare resources in cities, but also realize the vulnerability of rural areas that become less resourced as a result of the flow of capital to the urbanized areas. Age distribution ratio( see appendix B) indicates the burden of the working age population in supporting the dependent population was at its highest recorded historical rate in 2011. The figures indicates an aging population that is becoming more financially dependent on the government and working age population to subsidize their financial needs, of which a great deal will be expenses related to healthcare. South Africa’s fertility rate is on the decrease. The decline is due in part to high maternal mortality deaths of South African women. Prenatal and postnatal care, or lack thereof, is what drives this major health issue within the South African healthcare system. Lastly,
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