Essay on History of Disparity in Development

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History of Disparity in Development
Human is one of few creatures of mother earth that can think and decide what is right or wrong. Due to that special characteristic, people are always curious about something and try to find the reason about it. In 1974, Jared Diamond was staying in Papua New Guinea, and one day, a local named Yali asked Diamond a deceptively simple question “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo, but we black people had little cargo of our own?” (NGO, 2005) Jared thought it was very interesting question and made a research for more than 20 years. As a result, Jared was able to find his own conclusion and wrote a book call “Guns, Germs, and Steel” based on knowledge he gathered from different places of world.
Jared Diamond claimed that certain civilizations flourished and expanded fast, while others did not, because of simple reason, a geographical luck, to be more simple, food. About 13,000 years ago, after the last ice age, people spent most of the time on the field in order to gather or hunt things in order to survive, but due to return of ice age condition, about 12500 years ago, most of the plants and animals collapsed. People always needed to migrate to find the food. At some point, in Fertile Crescent about 11500 years ago, people started to make villages and started living together. Then how did they supply food in such ice age condition? The answer is easy, people started to modify the way plants grow and started domesticating…