Essay on History of Disparity in Development

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History of Disparity in Development Human is one of few creatures of mother earth that can think and decide what is right or wrong. Due to that special characteristic, people are always curious about something and try to find the reason about it. In 1974, Jared Diamond was staying in Papua New Guinea, and one day, a local named Yali asked Diamond a deceptively simple question “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo, but we black people had little cargo of our own?” (NGO, 2005) Jared thought it was very interesting question and made a research for more than 20 years. As a result, Jared was able to find his own conclusion and wrote a book call “Guns, Germs, and Steel” based on knowledge he gathered from different places of …show more content…

People started using plows using animals and animal’s dung worked as a great fertilizer. Meanwhile animals in Papua were not that useful. All they did was just providing meat. Due to that, people in Papua needed to spend more time on gathering food while people in Fertile Crescent started to develop day by day. People in Fertile Crescent now had more people and they were able to feed technicians who work with irons. This made huge difference in technological development.
There are some other theories of human development. The most popular theory is about water (Marrone, 2014/02/04). The key role water plays in human development is well accepted (Donoso, 2009) throughout the world. Unlike Diamond’s theory, people who support the theory that water is a main factor say domestication was possible because of existence of water and support with 3 different examples. First example is in 11500 years ago, people didn’t have technology to pump the water, so they had to use their hand in order to provide water to plants and animals. Due to that, people naturally moved to the region that is close to the water (Briggs, 2009 and 2014/02/03). Second example is, in ancient world, people’s average life expectancy was 20 years (Galor/ Moav, 2007), it is caused by many reasons, but the main reason was disease. By washing their body everyday with water made them cleaner and healthier than before. Longer lifespan means more

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