Hiv Stands For Human Immunodeficiency Virus. If The Virus

956 WordsFeb 24, 20174 Pages
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency virus. If the virus goes untreated it can lead to AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV attacks the body’s immune system such as the T cells. T cells help fight off infection. When it goes untreated, it decreases the number of T cells in a person’s body. This leads to AIDS, which is the last stage of HIV. AIDS occur when the immune system is severely damaged and you become more prone to infections. When the T cell count is lower than 200, then you’ve moved on to this stage. People who have AIDS usually live up to 3 years subsequently. Symptoms vary depending on what stage the person is in. There’s three stages. The early stage, the clinical latency stage, and AIDS. Not all…show more content…
HIV can only be spread through bodily fluids such as blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breastmilk. HIV is mainly spread by sex or sharing needles. A woman could pass it on to her child during pregnancy. This is called mother-to-child. Many years ago, people could get HIV from receiving a blood transfusion or organ transplant if the owner had it. Now it’s very rare to contract HIV in that type of way. Blood and organs are tested for diseases and a number of other things. You cannot get HIV from shaking hands, hugging, or from a little peck on the lips. There are a number of ways to prevent from getting HIV. You and your partner should go get tested so you can know each other’s status before participating in sex. Try a different type of sexual intercourse other than anal and vaginal. Oral sex is much safer, but that doesn’t mean you can’t get it. It’s just a much lower risk of getting it. Be careful of the number of sex partners you have. The more people you sleep with, the more you’re at risk. You never know who has something. If you are at a high risk of getting HIV, you should try PrEp. PrEP stands for pre-exposure prophylaxis. You take medicine each day to prevent catching it. This method should be used with other precautions such as condoms. Birth control does not prevent this. The body recognizes that there’s a foreign antigen and sends it to the lymph system. The antigen gets the T cells

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