Safety is an essential factor in the creation of the healing environment and this is dependent on the role of the caregiver and the patient when it is possible. “Safety is a basic component of professional nursing and Caritas Processes. Safety concerns affect all of the nurse’s activities related to supporting, protecting, and correcting the environment for healing at all levels, To feel safe and protected is a basic need” (Watson, 2008, p. 13). Many factors impede the safety of patients in a healing environment such as Risk of falls, Pressure ulcers, and close calls. Ford’s literature (as cited in Woolley et al, 2012) found that “hourly rounding resulted in a 52% reduction in call light use, giving nurses more time to provide patient care and prevent patient calls” and in Bourgault et al.’s study conducted in 2006 (as cited in Woolley et al, 2012) “expected outcomes of hourly rounding included increase
The purpose of this article is to discuss appropriate nurse staffing and staffing ratios and its impact on patient care. Although the issue is just not about numbers as we discuss staffing we begin to see how complex the issue has become over the years. Many factors can affect appropriate nurse staffing ratios. As we investigate nurse staffing ratios we can see the importance of finding the right mix and number of nurses to provide quality care for patients.
For over a decade researchers have been performing studies examining the effects patient-to-nurse ratios have on adverse outcomes, mortality rates, and failure-to-rescue rates of patients and on job dissatisfaction and burnout experiences of nurses. Aiken, Sloane, Sochalski, and Silber (2002) performed a study which showed that each additional patient per nurse increased patient mortality within 30 days of admission by 7% and increased failure-to-rescue by 7% as well. This same study also showed that each additional patient per nurse resulted in a 23% increase in nurse burnout and a 15% increase in job dissatisfaction. Additionally, Rafferty et al. (2007) performed a study in which the results showed that patients in hospitals with higher patient-to-nurse ratios had a 26% higher mortality rate and nurses were twice as likely to have job dissatisfaction and experience burnout. Blegen, Goode, Spetz, Vaughn, and Park (2011) performed a study where results showed that more staffing hours for nurses resulted in lower rates of congestive heart failure morality, infection, and prolonged hospital stays. The same study also showed that increased nursing care from registered nurses resulted in lower infection and failure to rescue rates and fewer cases of sepsis.
Each facility has their specific way of scheduling and protocol for staffing; not every facility uses a model that has other nurses’ help decide the next shifts nursing assignment. Some places will have a separate person makes the assignments and determine which nurse will get which patients during each shift, this can lead to the issue of the person making the assignments not knowing specifics and the level of care needed for each individual patient. In some cases a nurse may only have a few patients and another nurse has double as many. The level of care each individual patient needs is a huge aspect to take into consideration, making pervious nurses
Prior to the hourly rounding implementation, all the clinical staff (staff involved in patient care) will attend an hour workshop, which will cover the advantages and significance of hourly rounding to patient safety, reduction of falls, increase patient satisfaction, improved health outcomes, and financial impact to the organization. A video on how to do the hourly rounding properly and what behavior to avoid will be shown. After the workshop, the staff will do return demonstration, playing the role of the staff, while being checked off to ensure that the expectations during hourly rounding are met. This includes how to properly introduce oneself to the patients, informing the patients that the staff will be rounding every hour till 2200 then every two hours till 0600, to address their pain, possession, position, and potty needs. By performing return demonstrations, the validators (nurse managers, educators) will be able to ascertain that the staff understood and will
The results of the study showed that significant increase in patient satisfaction scores, decreased call light usage, and reduction in patients fall rates. One-hour rounding shows higher satisfaction than two hour- rounding. Hypothesis supported the study because the research shows rounding can reduce patient call light usage (Meade, Bursell, Ketelsen , 2006). The theoretical framework that forms the basis of the research is that consistent nursing rounds can meet the basic needs of patient and ultimately reduce call light use and [pic]improve management of patient care while also[pic] increasing [pic]patient satisfaction and[pic] safety.
Hourly rounding, also known as “intentional” or “comfort” rounding is essentially when the nurse or tech routinely checks on a patient at scheduled times to anticipate individual needs prior to the activation of the call bell alarm (Harrington et al., 2012). In a recent study, authors imply that hourly rounding is an effective process for improving patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes (Brosey and March, 2015). I feel that the implementation of hourly rounding will improve multiple aspects of care, including patient and nurse
The latter practices are impersonal and do not allow for the oncoming nurse to ask questions, or if the nurse passing off forgets to state or write something down they are not able to interject and share the information. A benefit to bedside rounding is when looking at the patient during report you can be prompted to something that you may have otherwise forgot. The patient and family can also comment on something that you may have forgotten to mention as well. This also gives the patient and family a chance to meet the oncoming
Over the past number of years there has been a nursing shortage which has led to the need of more registered nurses in the hospital setting. This is due to the uprising acuity of patient care and a decrease in there overall hospital stay. In order for the patients to get safe and quality care, the staffing, education and experience of the nursing staff needs to be made a priority. Not only has the safety and quality of patient care suffered, the working conditions in hospitals
Hourly rounding permits the nurse give quality care to their patients and the nurse has more time to focus on other tasks, especially patient education. This greatly improves employee satisfaction and morale.
Hourly rounding also known as intentional rounding or comfort rounding is an initiative that hospitals nationwide are beginning to implement. Hourly rounding should be purposeful. “Hourly rounding is a systematic proactive nurse-driven evidence based intervention to anticipate and address needs in hospitalized patients” (Deitrick, Baker, Paxton, Flores, & Swavely, 2012, p.13). “Purposeful nurse rounds encompass a practice where nurses attend to and document scheduled patient reviews at pre-determined and regular intervals (hourly or second hourly)” (Lyons, Biunero, & Lamont, 2015, p.31).
Patients in a hospital and/or healthcare facilities have to be cared for all day and all night, everyday of the week by nurses. The usual way to fulfill this need is to divide up the day into three 8-hour shifts. Different shifts have been put into place to help improve nurse satisfaction, decrease the nursing shortage and save the hospital money. The 24-hour day is made up of two 12-hour shifts; 12 hours in the day and 12 hours at night. There has been quite an ongoing debate over the years regarding this issue of nurses working over 8 hours in a single day. Many people, such as hospital nursing administrators, have reason to believe that working long hour shifts causes more errors in
Limited attention has been paid to the hours worked by nurses, or the effects of these hours on patient safety (Rogers, 2008). Even though most nurses favor 12- hour shifts and overtime, it is associated with difficulties staying awake during times of duty, reduced sleep times, and triple the risk of making an error (Rogers, 2008). The most significant risk of making an error occurred when nurses were scheduled to work 12.5 hours or more.
To provide high-quality care for the patient it is essential for the nursing staff to have enough time for recovery from long hours of demanding work. Eight-hour shifts for hospital nurses have become a standard of the past. Nowadays, 12-hour shifts for three days a week have become typical in most hospitals as recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) (Stimpfel, Sloane & Aiken, 2012). The length of the shifts and the working days; however, are often unpredictable due to increased demand for patient care and high census episodes. Nursing shortages, along with a weak economy, have left hospital nurses with no choice, then to work extended hours and overtime. Long hour shifts, as well as mandatory overtime, has become an increasing
Hourly rounding contributes in several key areas to achievement of high levels of patient satisfaction, including quality of care and patient safety. This puts patients at the center of care by building on the fundamental aspects of care, which are so important. Thus by checking in on patients in wards regularly to see whether they are comfortable and have everything they need can produce a number of positive results. Nurses