1. Who did Europeans get coffee from and how did it spread to Europe?
Europeans smuggled coffee beans in from the Arab Port Of Mocha when they visited. From there, the popularity of coffee had spread to Italy, France and Indonesia.
2. Why was it so important to Europe's development that many people's beverage of choice switched from alcohol to coffee?
Abandoned Turk trench lines after the siege of Vienna contained coffee beans, and the drink spread quickly throughout Europe. It proved to be much cheaper than the ingredients for alcohol.
3. Describe coffee's effect on the global balance of power (in terms of commerce).
Coffee has not only impacted the world socially, but it provides financial means for many countries who export their coffee beans.
4. How did coffee play a pivotal role in the scientific revolution? (give lots of detail)
Before coffee there were two choices for hydration - water or alcoholic beverage. The water was not purified so often made people sick. The alcohol would purify the beverage but made everyone drunk. Coffee, boiling water actually, gave a new source of fluids that was not alcoholic, was not full of microbes, and the caffeine gave a little kick.
5. How did coffee play a pivotal role in the 'financial revolution'?
The new drink of coffee, and the shops in the City of London where it was sold became the furnaces of the financial revolution. Wealthy, influential men met in these coffee shops and began to trade in stock and shares,
The Drink of reason, coffee, seems to not have changed much culturally to this day, as when it is brought to the table over 250 years ago (pg. 170). Coffee remains to be the drink over which people meet
Coffee had lots of demand, but little supply. The country that could grow and export the most coffee had a substantial economic advantage over other countries in terms of commerce.
The Europeans got coffee from the Arabs in the 17th century when European explorers visited Islamic lands and brought the drink back with them. At first, there was a controversy whether it should be prohibited or not due
Coffee quickly became the drink of intellect and industry being known to sharpen the mind. Taverns were replaced with a more sophisticated meeting place, the coffeehouse. These “led to the establishment of scientific societies and financial institutions, the founding of newspapers, and provided fertile ground for revolutionary thought.” 
The caffeine in coffee become an ethical increase over alcohol and have become a fashionable social beverage. It was interesting to see how it started off as this very exotic drink only for the upper class and then turned into what it is now. Coffee is a very fashionable drink that does not cost much that many have led their days with in today’s society.
The Scientific Revolution was a time of scientific questioning in which tremendous discoveries were made about the Earth. It has been referred to as “the real origin both of the modern world and the modern mentality” (Mckay, 596) and caused the foremost change in the world-view. This revolution occurred for many reasons. Universities were established in Western Europe in order to train lawyer’s doctors and church leaders and philosophy became a major study alongside medicine, law, and theology. The Renaissance stimulated scientific progress because mathematics was improved, texts were
Coffee is a beverage that is globally consumed, but also a product that has different values in different parts of the world. The role coffee plays in society differs around the world, from the farmers who grew the crops to the people who constantly consume them. Social theoretical perspectives are capable of showing the different roles coffee has in different societies. Symbolic interactionism, functionalism, and Marxism are three theories which show coffee’s role sociologically. These theories show how coffee affects people physically, how it affects them emotionally, how it leads them to have interactions, how it connects different parts of society, and how it’s economically controlled by a select few.
Coffee played a pivotal role in the French revolution because coffeehouses was where you have the right to read all the papers for and against the government, so people would come to coffeehouses and coffeehouses became centers of revolutionary ferment. The French Revolution was set in motion when Camille
Tom Standage’s “A History of the World in 6 Glasses” discusses six drinks that have greatly influenced human history. Many people believe that things similar to a drink are irrelevant in history, however, Standage views the drinks he describes as having “a closer connection to the flow of history than is generally acknowledged, and a greater influence on its course. Understanding the ramifications of who drank what, and why, and where they got it from, requires the traversal of many disparate and otherwise unrelated fields…” The drinks that Standage focuses on include beer, wine, spirits, tea, coffee, and cola. He describes each of the beverages and how each of them managed to alter history in very unique ways. The first three beverages are all alcoholic while the last three are all caffeinated. Coffee heavily impacted the world by influencing modern culture, being used to sharpen the mind and its alertness, and also by advancing the social aspects of society.