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How Does Homer Use Mortals In The Iliad

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Homer composed the Iliad, an epic poem, almost three millennia ago in ancient Greece (around 700 B.C.E.). Originally an epic poem sung by Homer himself, the Iliad acted as the movies in ancient times. Based on Greek Mythology, the Iliad is filled with rage, violence, and various scenes of action.. The Iliad describes a part of the Trojan War in which the gods and mortals clash at each other. The gods often fight other gods through mortals. In the Iliad, Homer suggested that mortals cannot think themselves. Gods, especially Athena, the god of wisdom, often visited mortals and “presented” them with an idea or a manipulation in emotion. The Iliad contains examples of gods visiting mortals. Homer used god’s visits to mortals and scenes where gods…show more content…
When Hector was running away from the raging Achilles, Athena disguised as Deiphobus, pretended to be on Hector’s side, and then left him so be killed. The speaker said, “He shouted at Deiphobus, but Deiphobus was nowhere in sight. It was then Hector knew in his heart what had happened” (22, 321-325). Hector was terrified of the raging Achilles, for he had killed Patroclus and stole his armor. Patroclus was like a brother to Achilles, and Achilles is furious at Hector for killing Patroclus. Hector knew that he really had Achilles angry, he was extremely terrified. For he was supposed to be a hero and fight for honor, he ran like a coward, and Homer was trying to show how terrified Hector was. Yet suddenly Deiphobus appeared, who was actually Athena in disguise, offered Hector help in fighting Achilles. Believing that Deiphobus was on his side, Hector had found the courage he needed to fight Achilles; he believed that he could win. Athena’s appearance made the terrified Hector to believe that he could win. Homer could have had Hector sum up his courage on his own, or have Hector keep on running until Achilles catch up to him, after all Achilles is the “great runner”. Homer also suggests that gods controlled mortals to control the outcome of the Trojan war. In this example where Athena visited Hector, Athena wanted Hector to be killed by Achilles, she fooled Hector so that the Greeks can gain an advantage in the Trojan
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