Essay on How Lord of the Flies Related to Aspects of Human Nature

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William Golding's novel "Lord of the Flies" not only provides a profound insight into human nature but also does so in a way that is remarkable for its use of shock and horror.

Golding presents aspects of human nature as themes in the book. It alerts us to our potential to descend from order to chaos, good to evil, civilization to savagery. They are explored through how innate evil can be brought out in certain situations, the dangers in not addressing our own fears and the battle between civilization and anarchy.

Most importantly, Golding achieved the above using metaphorical and didactic writing techniques that unquestionably shocked his readers - and still shocks them today. "Lord of the Flies" is essentially an allegory. It
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Another example of this is where Roger feels the urge to torment a "Littlun" but is held back by the social values which he used to follow "Roger gathered a handful of stones and began to throw them. Yet there was a space round Henry, perhaps six yards in diameter, into which he dare not throw. Here, invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life. Round the squatting child was the protection of parents and school and policemen and the law." This happens earlier in the novel when the boys are still governed by their morals from their "good" society.

The novel illustrates the descent from the boys' utopian society into a primitive tribal culture of conflict which soon becomes a dystopia. This quick fall from law and order stuns the reader into self-realization of the human condition.

From the first mention of the Beast, to when Ralph is running for his life from Jack's tribe, fear is a major preoccupation of "Lord of the Flies." Just as fear in world history has been the cause of violence and destruction; it is the force which drives the boys on the island towards their chaos. The boys use the "Beast" figure as their means of projecting their fear of each other and of the circumstances that they're in.

This breakdown in the group's need and desire for morality, order and civilization is increasingly enabled - or excused - by the presence of the Beast.

The degree to

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