How Much Attention And Nurturing Children Receive

1783 Words May 24th, 2016 8 Pages
How much attention and nurturing children receive does, in fact, affect how they will develop as adolescents and adults in areas of personality, emotion, and social interaction. John Bowlby, a British researcher, a child psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, is well-known in Psychology for his research specializing in parent or primary caregiver-child relationships. His research influenced Mary Ainsworth who later became his research assistant and continued his research on attachment after his death. Being neglected as a child by parents and caregivers, he understood the negative effects of growing up lonely and detached. John Bowlby founded the attachment theory, an essential theory in Psychology that reveals the negative impact of neglect and …show more content…
Bowlby’s experiences helped direct the focus of his research to develop his attachment theory. Inge Bretherton in The Origins of Attachment Theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth states Bowlby became a child psychiatrist after meeting two boys from unstable families who were anxious, antisocial, and unaffectionate (2). Bowlby became interested in the connection between family stability and child development because it was common to see children who acted out or became antisocial were from unstable families. He disliked the influential Kleinian approach to child psychoanalysis—the idea children 's psychological issues stemmed from “fantasies generated from internal conflict”—and instead believed unstable family ties were the cause (2). After detailed examining of numerous patients’ notes from the London Child Guidance Center, he “link[ed] [the patients’] symptoms to histories of maternal deprivation and separation,” meaning children were acting out from not having mothers to care for them (2). He created a research unit specifically to continue researching the effects of maternal separation and easily developed his theory of attachment: children need care from mothers or primary caregivers to develop securely and apply their experience to future relationships.

The attachment theory helped explain why to we need to create secure relationships: to keep ourselves sane and alive. Amir Levine and Rachel S. F. Heller in Get
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