Human Immunodeficiency Virus And Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

1477 Words Nov 23rd, 2015 6 Pages
Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

In 1981, the first cases in the United States of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) developed in Los Angeles and New York (Fraser, Burd, Liebson, Lipschik, & Peterson, 2008). The illness presented itself among several homosexual males who developed rare opportunistic infections such as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and Kaposi’s sarcoma (Sharp & Hahn, 2011). At the time, medical professionals deemed the infections to be “gay-related infectious diseases” (Pence, 2008). However, three months after this diagnosis, medical professionals revealed the presence of the same infection among newborns whose mothers used intravenous drugs (Pence, 2008). In 1984, scientist announced that the causative agent in AIDS is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, commonly known as HIV. This complicated virus is found in homosexuals, children of drug-dependent women, and patients who undergo blood transfusions (Fraser et al., 2008). In 1984, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention determined that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus entered the United States by way of a homosexual French Canadian airline steward (Pence, 2008). The airline steward, commonly known as “patient zero,” had several sexual partners while visiting American homosexual bathhouses, which facilitated the rapid spread of HIV in the United States (Pence, 2008). Although originally assumed primarily a disease among homosexual men, researchers have…
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