Human Papillomavirus ( Hpv ) Vaccine

1429 WordsSep 21, 20146 Pages
Exploratory Essay: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Prior to June of 2006, Human Pappilomarius (HPV) was almost unheard of to the general public. But after FDA approval of Gardasil manufactured by Merck& Co., HPV vaccine became the headline of many articles and breaking news of many TV channels. Why? Let’s us explore it. According to World Health Organization (WHO), HPV worldwide is the most common sexual transmitted Disease (STD). There are more than 100 strains of HPV and in those 13 strains are known for causing cancer in human. HPV infection goes undetected majority of the time. HPV-infected victims mostly have no signs or symptoms or are there any tests available to detect it. The body immunity usually gets rid of the viruses on its own. However, with persistent infection, it may lead to genital warts and worrisome oro-genital cancers. With normal immunity, it takes about 15-20 years for cervical cancer to develop. Worldwide, cervical cancer is the second most frequent cancer. It is estimated more than 270,000 deaths from cervical cancer annually (1-6). In 2007, to prevent the devastation result of HPV-associated cancer, the National Advisory Committee on Immunization practices (ACIP) recommended Gardasil as a routine vaccination for girl’s ages 11 to 12 with a catch-up vaccination for those aged 13 to 26. Across the country, thereafter, state legislature attempt to make HPV vaccine mandated. As the result, controversy was generated. In this paper, we

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