Humanism Essay

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Humanism Before the Italian Renaissance, the education system in Europe was controlled by the Latin Church, which basically taught mostly religious doctrine. Then, beginning in the 1300's, many scholars began to discover classic works by the likes of Plato and especially Cicero. Cicero, who was a Roman philosopher and statesman, studied something he called "humane studies." Cicero influenced Francesco Petrarch, who started the renaissance revival of antiquity, when he discovered his lost letters. Petrarch also had a huge impact on many other people to come along later such as Boccaccio and Salutati. These humanists and many others thought that the medieval program of studies taught too much doctrine. Their goal was to establish…show more content…
The humanists believed that the Greek and Latin classics contained all the lessons one needed to lead a moral and effective life. Their scholarship was one of the main factors in the start of the Renaissance. After humanism had established itself as a formidable type of studies and it began to spread throughout Europe mainly by the traveling of these humanist scholars to and from Italy and the traveling of interested foreigners to Italy to see what all of the fuss was about. According to Dr. Peter Burke, " The expatriate humanists were not missionaries and they did not particularly want to leave Italy. What geographers call the "push" factor was more important than the "pull" of foreign countries " (4). Which means that some humanist left Italy because they were forced to. For example, two conspiracies forced Filippo Buonaccorsi and Luigi Alamanni out of Italy. Filippo was involved in a conspiracy against Pope Paul II and was forced to leave to Poland where he became very famous. Luigi was forced out of Florence for being involved in a conspiracy against the Medici family and fled to France to serve in Francis I court. Both went on to be successes in other countries because of their humanist training, which was becoming very desirable for the higher classes of people to learn in other European countries. Celio Secundo Curione wasn't a conspirator but left for Switzerland in 1542 for fear of religious persecution. Burke said that "

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