Introduction Thyroid gland (TG) secretes thyroxin and triiodothyronine (Garber et al., 2012). Its main function is to make hormones and main job is to produce hormones T4 and T3 (Mortimer, 2011). To do this the human TG has to take a form of iodine from the bloodstream into the human TG (Garber et al., 2012). This substance then undergoes a numerous of different chemical reactions which resulted in the production of T3 and T4 (Mortimer, 2011). In order to make T4 and T3, TG needs iodine, a substance
The thyroid is an endocrine gland located at the base of the neck. It produces thyroid hormones which effect the bodies metabolic rate and protein synthesis. The thyroid hormones include triiodothyronine and thyroxine which are made from iodine and tyrosine. These hormones are controlled by thyroid-stimulating hormone which is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland at the base of the brain. When these hormones are produced in an insufficient amount hyperthyroidism occurs. Hypothyroidism can
Stacey Raposa October 11,2014 Module IV Assignment Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands Thyroid The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland with two lobes, one on each side of the trachea, below the level of the larynx. These lobes are connected by a narrow piece of tissue called the isthmus (Johnstone, Farley, Hendry, & McLafferty, 2014). The thyroid consists of follicles, which contain follicular cells that synthesize and secrete the thyroid hormones. These hormones are tetra-iodothyronine or thyroxine
Hypothyroidism is a complicated disease that affects people all over the world. Hypothyroidism is an endocrine disorder of the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland that negatively affects a person in numerous ways as a result of slowing down the metabolism (Kapustin, 2010). About four to ten percent of the people in the United States above the age of twelve have been diagnosed with hypothyroidism (NIDDK, 2013). Shockingly, this amounts to about eleven million people, not including the numerous people
The thyroid, found in the throat, is a gland which produces hormones that keep your body’s engine going optimally. Too much or too little thyroid produced hormones affect every aspect of daily life. If your thyroid is out of sync with your other organs symptoms and the extenuating consequences change everything. Your gut health is important to digestion, absorption of nutrients, and require thyroid hormones to sustain a healthy body. How the thyroid controls digestion is important in understanding
Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid does not produce enough of the hormones that are required to maintain metabolism (Harvard School of Medicine, 2007). Introduction Hypothyroidism is not a disease itself, but is a condition that a disease state causes (Buckley & Schub, 2008). Many of the causes of hypothyroidism are related to autoimmune conditions, where the body attacks itself, rendering the thyroid useless (Raisbeck, 2009). In fact, this is the most common cause
Management. The treatment goal of 75 year old male with hypothyroidism is to improve patient’s symptoms which will allow better adaptation to environment. The medication dose should be adjusted to maintain serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) within the lower half of the reference range (0.4–2.5mU/L). Treatment of hypothyroidism in elderly subjects is a common task undertaken in general and in sub specialty practice. Treatment of hypothyroidism in elderly subjects is often rewarding, simple and
Patient education. FNP needs to educate patients with newly diagnosed hypothyroidism and their caregiver if necessary in regards to its disease process, side effect of medications, importance of compliance and follow up. Hypothyroidism is often a lifelong condition and therefore it is important to counsel the patient at the point of diagnosis (Roe, 2015). Taking L-thyroxine is the main treatment mechanism; therefore, medication compliance is the one of the most important part in education. The
doctor ruled out that I have Hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is of such high interest to me due to the fact that I will be living with this disease for the rest of my life. This disease is rooted from a main cause, contains a variety of risk factors and symptoms, has options of treatment, and displays new and upcoming issues within the world today. Hypothyroidism can form within one’s body system due to a variety of factors.
Before understanding what hypothyroidism is it helps to know what the thyroid is and how it works. The thyroid is a gland in the lower front of the lower front of the neck just below the Adams apple. Think of it as the bodies thermostat. It impacts many parts of the body the muscles, bones, skin, heart, brain, liver, kidneys, digestive tract, and more. Millions of people have hypothyroidism and many or undiagnosed. Both women and men can develop hypothyroidism, but it is more common among women.