Immanuel Kant View On Morality

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Immanuel Kant is known as the famous German philosopher who argued two main points in his philosophy: that the human mind creates the structure of the human experience and that reason is the source of morality. More specifically, Kant used his philosophy to argue that in order to figure out what is the right thing, we must rely on reason. Unlike several other philosophers, Kant refused to use religion as a method to know what the law was to determine right and wrong, because he believed it was all knowable based on our intellect. Kant’s key principle throughout his philosophy is to assert that the only way a person can achieve good will is by accomplishing it through duty. Throughout his paper, Kant explains that in the world, there is a constant battle between the conditional and the unconditional goods. He begins by describing that there are three conditional goods that can be turned evil by humans such as the gifts of fortune (wealth, health), talents of mind (intelligence), and good outcomes. To counteract this, he describes that there is only one unconditional good; the good will, which can only be executed by duty. When described by Kant, duty means that a person does the right thing for no other reason than because it is the right thing to do. To be able to reach this point, Kant used the process of elimination between inclination, prudence, and duty. In his paper, Kant explains that a person cannot achieve good will if they use inclination (what you desire) because to him, this doesn’t constitute moral actions. For example, in Kant’s eyes a parent who takes care of their children because is what they desire to do because they love them shouldn’t be morally praised because they are doing it for themselves rather than doing it because they acknowledge they have an obligation and it is the right thing to do to fulfill that obligation. He continues and goes on to refute prudence (rational self interest). To better understand this concept, we can think of the example of a lady who believes she can earn a greater income if she cheats her customers, but refuses to do so, not because she knows it’s the wrong thing, but because she fears being caught and losing her customers. By providing this example,
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