Impact of Climate Change on Food Security

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CASESTUDY: SOLOMON ISLANDS

NAME: LIZZIE IMMACULATE. TEGU ID #: S11053489
Course Code: GE302 DUE DATE: week -13- 2011
Lecturer: Dr. Tamarisi Yabaki

INTRODUCTION

Agricultural sector was the most important sector for the economy. It accounts for approximately
30% of the GDP. Agricultural export is a major source of export earnings and it is the main source of employment and livelihood in the rural areas. Agriculture consists of three sub-sectors: subsistence smallholder farming, a commercial sub-sector, and large plantations (Central Bank of Solomon Islands, 2006, Annual Report 2005).
On the other hand, the climate of the Solomon Islands is
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Export commodities include gold, copra, wood and fish products, and cocoa (Judith A. Bennett 1978)
Solomon Islands is a low-lying coastal country that shares similar sustainable development challenges, including small population, remoteness, susceptibility to natural disasters, vulnerability to external shocks, and excessive dependence on international trade and foreign aid.
Besides, Solomon Islands have particular problems and concerns in dealing with the effects of climate change, variability and extreme events, and Climate change will be a major impediment to the achievement of sustainable development in Solomon Islands. As all economic and social sectors are likely to be adversely affected, and the cost of adaptation will be disproportionately high, relative to gross domestic product (GDP) (World Bank, 2000).

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION & INFORMATION

The Solomon Islands is located between latitudes 5o South and 12o South and longitudes 1520 East and 1630 East in the Pacific Ocean, encompassing a total land area of 28, 785 square kilometres (km-2) and an Exclusive Economic Zone(EEZ) of 1.34 million km-2. The land area of the Solomon Islands consists of a double chain of six large islands that make up total 997 islands. The double chain of islands is described as a fragmented island arc situated along the boundary between the Ontong Java Plateau-Central Pacific Basin and the Solomon Sea-Woodlark-Torres
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