The Effects of Climate Change: Agriculture and Livestock

1078 Words 5 Pages
Climate change is one of the major issues surfacing earth over the past century. The earth’s temperature has increased over the years leading to detrimental effects on the economic and life sources of people, especially that of agricultural production and livestock. The Merriam-Webster online dictionary (2014), defined climate change as a change in global climate patterns apparent from the mid late 20th century. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, (2007) predicts that by 2100 the increase in global average surface temperature may be between 1.8° C and 4.0° C. With increases of 1.5° C to 2.5° C, approximately 20 to 30 percent of plant and animal species are expected to be at risk of extinction. Moreover, the IPCC (2007) …show more content…
It was furthers noted by Donnell (2012) that this can lead to the loss of these animals or have a negative impact on their on their production ability. They further noted that, milk is one of the productions that are affected by this because when water supplies are not sufficient for the keeping of the animal, they tend to use the water, which is needed for milk production to cool their body temperature when severe heat stress occurs. The Land Learn, NSW (n.d) also noted that beef production is another livestock that is affected by heat stress. The health of beef cattle’s is hindered heat stress results in stunted growth. This phenomenon has a great influence on the production of beef products because when cattle are under heat stress they refuse to take in much food, which will eventually lead to malnourishment, stunted growth, overall poor health and eventually death. Drought is another factor of climate change that causes severe damages to agriculture and livestock. The effects of drought on agricultural production and livestock holding can be a detrimental issue and result in quality dissatisfaction of products. The agricultural industry can be affected by drought both economically and environmentally. The economical effects of drought on crops and animals can lead to the loss of money and time. When droughts occur farmers lose money because they will have to spend more money earned from their
Open Document