Impact of Irish Culture on U.S. Military Operations

3270 Words14 Pages
Thesis: Understanding the ideology of a nation’s way of life is fundamental to successful military operations. Ireland has endured fighting, famine, and struggle for centuries, making the people of Ireland both tough and rugged. Era after era of invasions of Ireland created a culture that is resilient, comprehends survival, and fully understands guerrilla warfare.

1. The meaning of culture.
2. Major characteristics that define Irish culture.
a) Geographic location, background/origin, and religion
b) Infrastructure and terrain
c) Social normality –Hard people from a harsh environment
d) Economic factors –Trade: early/modern trade and current state
e) Political repute –Similarity to U.S. Government
f) Military
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In the ninth century, Vikings began to raid Ireland, eventually conquering and settling on the island. The strong Irish culture influenced the Viking conquerors’ way of life, rather than an invader’s long-term domination would suggest. Anglo-Norman invaders arrived in Ireland in 1169, attempting to colonize the island over the next 500 years. The invaders began to expand their influence across the island by means of force. These attacks caused rebellions from the Irish people, as they were no strangers to aggression from the East. “Religious persecution of Catholic Irish grew – in particular after the accession of Elizabeth I, a Protestant, to the throne in 1558. Oliver Cromwell's subsequent siege of Ireland in 1649 ended with massacres of Catholics at Drogheda and Wexford and forced the resettlement of thousands, many of whom lost their homes in the struggle. By 1691, with the victory of Protestant English King William III over the Catholic forces of James II, Protestant supremacy in Ireland had become complete. Catholics in Ireland suffered greatly in the subsequent period of British occupation, enduring laws that prevented them from bearing arms, holding public office and restricting their rights to an education. While many of those rights were eventually restored, the animosity between Catholics and Protestants remained.” (Washington Post, 1999). A group of Irish
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