Impacts Of HIV And AIDS

2002 Words Mar 4th, 2015 9 Pages
The emergence of HIV and AIDs in the early 1980s has led to untold public health, socio-economic and demographic challenges. Describe the impact of HIV/AIDs on individuals, family and the community under the following headings
Educational, Economic, Social, Demographic, Psycho-emotional, Religious

ECONOMIC
Countries with high national debts and low GNP such as Mozambique experience greater difficulties in providing the care and support to the infected and affected. HIV/AIDS results in greater number of illness and death especially among the working class. This results in increased cases of absenteeism which results in more work for employees already present required to stand in for their colleagues hence leading to higher overtime
…show more content…
Life expectancy in most countries in Africa would be at least 50 years or greater but countries such as Botswana and Namibia who boast more than 20 percent prevalence have an estimated drop between 24-42 years in life expectancy (imf.org).
Women accounted for 48 percent of all adults living with HIV worldwide and 69 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa due to their bio-physiology, vulnerability to rape and assigned gender roles among others. In Kenya HIV prevalence rates in women was at 7.7 percent compared to the 4 percent in men (NACC, 2006: Daily Nation- October12, 2006: 3). The youth are a t the greatest risk as half of the new infections worldwide are confined to the 15-24 age group of who young women account for majority of the infected. Around 6,000 youth become infected with HIV every day(UNAIDS, 2006). Most of the infected die within ten years due to lack of treatment leaving behind shattered families and crippled prospects for sustainable development (Republic of Kenya, 2005).
The number of AIDS orphans has increased since the pandemic started. In Kenya there were 39.000 orphans in 1987, 968,287 in 2001,1,780,557 in 2004 and the number of orphans in 2010 was expected to be around 2,204,115
Open Document