In This Paper, I Will Deconstruct And Explain Socrates’

1048 WordsFeb 3, 20175 Pages
In this paper, I will deconstruct and explain Socrates’ argument of that a person with justice in their lives is a person with happiness in their lives. Socrates argues about justice and its presence and how it works in the world, but I will only be talking about justice and its presence in people. He argues that justice the virtue that allows for people to live well and have happy lives though the relationship of justice, souls, functions, and virtues. Socrates’ argument is that a just person is happy and an unjust person is wretched in Plato’s The Republic. He comes to the conclusion that a just person is happy through the following ways: 1. The function of each thing or object is what it alone can do or what it does better than anything…show more content…
This isn’t as much of an issue as it seems, because we can hypothesize that Socrates would define living well as having a good life but not necessarily having a perfect life. Unlike the claim that “anyone who lives well is happy” (P.), Socrates has premises to prove that “the just person who lives well” (Q.) is valid. To understand this premise, we must understand the core of Socrates’ argument; which is that everything has a function (1.). He defines a function of a thing as what that thing alone can do or what it does better than anything else. For example, the function of a cup is to hold liquid. However, there are multiple kinds of cups that can all perform the function of holding a liquid. But some cups can cut different liquids better than other cups. A mug can hold hot liquids better compared to a glass cup or any other cup. Following the same logic, the glass cup is the best cup at holding cold or luke-warm liquids and other cups such a wine glass or champagne flute is the best for holding wine or champagne. He continues his argument by stating anything with a function also has a virtue which enables to perform its function well (2., 3.). A cup can only perform its function well when it is does not have any holes. Therefore, not having any holes is its virtue. Socrates’ premises about objects and functions apply to justice and living well through the functions and

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