Inclusive Curriculum : Education And Inclusive Education

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Inclusive Curriculum In the 19th century, special needs learners, particularly students with disability have to be segregated in the special schools. However, over the past decades, humanity’s progress has occurred in acknowledging that students with special needs enjoy the same education rights as their peers. Nowadays, this group of student cohort has access to mainstreaming schools and inclusive education. In Australia, today’s classrooms are becoming increasingly diverse. According to Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA), student diversity may include general students, students with disability, gifted and talented students and students for whom English is an additional language or dialect (EAL/D) (ACARA, 2014). Meanwhile, the change of the student cohort in the mainstreaming classroom make teaching job more challenging and complex than before. Due to a wide range of individual differences, general education curriculum may be inappropriate to meet individual needs of the growing diverse student population, particularly, student with disability or culturally and linguistically diverse background. As a result, modern education system calls for adapting general education curriculum and developing a broad and inclusive curriculum. The aim of inclusive curriculum is to ensure all students could have access to the content knowledge and engage in the learning process so as to maximize their achievement (Foreman, 2013). In the light of this,
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