Indian Removal : The Cherokee, Jackson, And The Trail Of Tears

2260 Words Jul 4th, 2015 10 Pages
Trail of Tears BRIA 21 1 c Indian Removal: The Cherokees, Jackson, and the “Trail of Tears”
CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION
Bill of Rights in Action
Winter 2004 (21:1)
Executive Power
BRIA 21: 1 Home | Machiavelli and The Prince | Detaining U.S. Citizens as Enemy Combatants | Jackson and Indian Removal
Indian Removal: The Cherokees, Jackson, and the “Trail of Tears”
President Andrew Jackson pursued a policy of removing the Cherokees and other Southeastern tribes from their homelands to the unsettled West.
For a thousand years before Europeans came to North America, the Cherokees occupied a large area where the states of Alabama, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia now come together. They inhabited over 50 towns. Cherokee women tended crops while the men hunted and made war.
Each town had a council, usually made up of a religious leader and elders. The council discussed important matters such as going to war against an enemy tribe. The council members and people of the town debated an issue until they agreed on what to do.
Traditionally, no tribal government or chief held authority over all the Cherokees. But in 1721, South Carolina colonists succeeded in persuading the Cherokees to choose a principal chief for the entire tribe to negotiate selling some of its hunting grounds.
After the French and Indian War, the British tried to ban any further white settlement on Native American lands west of the Appalachian Mountains. But colonists kept moving…
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