India's Goals for Conservation

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Goal 1- Promote Conservation of Biological Diversity of Ecosystems, Habitats and Biomes India’s count of the Protected Area Network (PAN) has increased especially post the ‘Programme of Work on PAs by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)’ in 2004, by a 15 percent. Almost all state owned forests and other important ecosystems which are outside the PAN were also under some kind of broad-based conservation planning. Fourteen more potential sites were considered to get designated as Biosphere Reserves. Apart from the Wetlands, Coral reefs and Mangrove Conservation areas, research and development activities are also being supported for their management. So far out of the 115 wetlands in India, 25 have been recognised as Ramsar sites and 6 more are being pushed forward in consideration for the same. Initiatives for Lake Conservation - the MoEF has been implementing the National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) since 2001 for conservation of polluted and degraded urban/semi-urban lakes, leading 10 lake rejuvenation in terms of improvement in water quality and biodiversity. Forty two lakes in 12 states have been covered under the plan so far and also under River Conservation - a National River Conservation Plan (NRCP), launched by the MoEF in 1993 has been under implementation in 160 towns along the polluted stretches of 34 rivers spread over 20 states. Since Community Conserved Areas (CCA’s) and the Sacred Groves have been traditionally an important part of a community

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