Individualism and Collectivism

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1. Compare and contrast individualism and collectivism as discussed in Estep: ch. 9.
Humans are designed to cultivate both individualism and collectivism – let me explain. Both are good if used appropriately. The problem is when either is used exclusively, to the abandonment of the other. As individuals, humans are expected to grow and mature; a person accepts Christ individually. On the Day of Judgment, humans will be held to account for their actions and behaviors individually. It is this aspect of individualism that is an inherent part of a healthy person, and it is what God intended to be the case. Jonathan Kim in the Estep textbook refers to the “I-consciousness” to refer to the individual aspect of faith. The extreme use of …show more content…

Kim writes that the Apostle Paul and the reformer Martin Luther were both utilizing this approach. e. Christ the Transformer of Culture – Hopefully all Christians use this at least part of the time. Kim mentions that from this perspective, “culture would be viewed as internally redeemable by Christ … it is neither good nor fallen but transformed by Christ.” Since culture is man-made, I agree that it is not inherently good. But, I would advocate that culture is inherently fallen since it is created and maintained by fallen humans. Therefore as Christ can redeem humans, Christ can also redeem society.

2. How might they influence the evangelization and mission strategies of the evangelist or missionary?
In mission-work, there is a need at times for a Christ of Culture approach in that the missionary must blend-in to the culture to be able to reach the intended group. At the same time, it is important to not be syncretistic so a Christ above Culture and Christ the Transformer of Culture approaches much also be used at the same time to help balance the approach. The same applies to the evangelist – he must be able to reach the intended audience but not by watering-down the Gospel message.

3. How might they influence one’s Christian leadership?
As a Christian leader, the same applies from the above paragraph. A leader must be relevant to the culture within which they operate, but not to where they alter the

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