Industrialization Of The Industrial Revolution

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The Industrial Revolution started advancing in the mid-18th century after many sought new and more efficient methods of production to accomplish the needs of society . The Industrial Revolution brought with it an array of changes: an increase in population, the rise of new building typologies, redistributions of wealth and fluctuations of living conditions. The Industrial Revolution broke out in England with most of the important technological innovations being British ; with the application of reliable steam power to enhance productivity in machinery this fueled the ability to transport goods worldwide. Industrialism marked a major turning point in history with almost every aspect of daily life being influenced, in particular how Britain…show more content…
Industrialism started exhibiting signs of affecting the visual landscape as seen in Philip James de Loutherbourg, ‘Coalbrookdale By Night’, foreshadowing a new architectural response. The urban landscape became a darkscape; new building types such as The Mill and The Factory can be seen with regular windows, smoke stacks that blackened the skies and a strict geometry of cubic masses that were in stark contrast to the natural surrounding, creating a visual gravity of shifting hierarchy in the city. All did not accept these new building types, in 1829 K. F. Schinkel traveled across Britain visiting major industrial centers starting from London and working through Birmingham, Dudley, Manchester and Liverpool . Schinkel recorded his architectural encounters in notes, sketches and personal letters documenting his observations of factories and the new methods of production; in particular Schinkel recorded his personal encounters with health and the life of the people around him . Schinkel concluded that the architect as an artist does not control the factories affect over the surrounding cities and that they were buildings of a non-architectural nature .

Similarly, Pugin produced a series of sketches known as A Catholic Town, two sketches of an imaginary town, one depicting 1440 and the other 1840 . Pugin highlights the truth of the impact industrialism on the urban landscape, in
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