Week 1 Assignment 1: Infectious Diseases
What is Ebola:
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly viral illness that is reportable to the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS) in all U.S. states and territories. Early recognition of EVD is critical for infection control. Health-care providers should be alert for and evaluate any patients suspected of having EVD.
How is it transmitted/ transferred to others:
When an infection occurs in humans, the virus can be spread to others through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with
• blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person…show more content… For example, wash your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer and avoid contact with blood and body fluids (such as urine, feces, saliva, sweat, urine, vomit, breast milk, semen, and vaginal fluids).
• Do not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids (such as clothes, bedding, needles, and medical equipment).
• Avoid funeral or burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who has died from Ebola.
• Avoid contact with bats and nonhuman primates or blood, fluids, and raw meat prepared from these animals.
• Avoid facilities in West Africa where Ebola patients are being treated. The U.S. embassy or consulate is often able to provide advice on facilities.
• Do not have contact with the semen from a man who has recovered from Ebola (for example, avoid having oral, vaginal, or anal sex).
• After you return, monitor your health for 21 days and seek medical care immediately if you develop symptoms of Ebola(http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/symptoms/index.html).
Healthcare workers who may be exposed to people with Ebola should follow these steps:
• Wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE).
• Practice proper infection control and sterilization measures. For more information, see U.S. Healthcare Workers and Settings(http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/healthcare-us/index.html).
• Isolate patients with Ebola from other