Infectious Diseases : Ebola Virus Disease

1808 Words Jul 4th, 2015 8 Pages
Week 1 Assignment 1: Infectious Diseases
Ebola
What is Ebola:
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly viral illness that is reportable to the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS) in all U.S. states and territories. Early recognition of EVD is critical for infection control. Health-care providers should be alert for and evaluate any patients suspected of having EVD.
How is it transmitted/ transferred to others:
When an infection occurs in humans, the virus can be spread to others through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with
• blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with or has died from Ebola,
• objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with body fluids from a person who is sick with Ebola or the body of a person who has died from Ebola,
• infected fruit bats or primates (apes and monkeys), and
• possibly from contact with semen from a man who has recovered from Ebola (for example, by having oral, vaginal, or anal sex)
Symptoms:
• Fever
• Severe headache
• Muscle pain
• Weakness
• Fatigue
• Diarrhea
• Vomiting
• Abdominal (stomach) pain
• Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)
Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.

Prevention:
Always use standard precautions.
If you travel to or are in an area…
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