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Inflation, Types, Causes, Impacts and Remedies Inflation In economics, inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy over a period of time. When the general price level rises, each unit of currency buys fewer goods and services. Consequently, inflation also reflects an erosion in the purchasing power of money – a loss of real value in the internal medium of exchange and unit of account in the economy A chief measure of price inflation is the inflation rate, the annualized percentage change in a general price index (normally the Consumer Price Index) over time. Types of Inflation 1. Moderate inflation It is a mild and tolerable form of inflation. It occurs when prices are rising slowly…show more content…
Business Planning and Investment More generally, inflation can disrupt business planning. Budgeting becomes difficult because of the uncertainty created by rising inflation of both prices and costs - and this may reduce planned capital investment spending. Lower investment then has a detrimental effect on the economy’s long run growth potential Competitiveness and Unemployment Inflation is a possible cause of higher unemployment in the medium term if one country experiences a much higher rate of inflation than another, leading to a loss of international competitiveness and a subsequent worsening of their trade performance. If inflation in the UK is persistently above our major trading partners, British exporters may struggle to maintain their share in overseas markets and import penetration into the UK domestic market will grow. Both trends could lead to a worsening balance of payments. The UK government believes that monetary stability (i.e. low inflation) is a precondition for sustained economic expansion. As the chart below demonstrates, the UK has made progress in reducing the volatility of its inflation rate in the last decade. The era of high and volatile inflation may have come to an end. Arbitrary Re-Distributions of Income Inflation tends to hurt those employees in jobs with poor bargaining positions in the labour market - for example people in low paid jobs with little or no trade union protection

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