International Criminal Court

872 WordsFeb 21, 20183 Pages
BACKGROUND After a coup d’état in 1969, Libya lived under Gaddafi’s authoritarian government for more than four decades. His regime was characterized by brutal repression against opposition through torture, massacres and public hangings or mutilations. This level of political repression was the government’s mean to maintain control over military and general population. Any kind of political association was forbidden, the media was controlled, and the population was closely surveillance for the government in order to avoid coup attempts. The Libyan Intelligence Service, whose chief was Abdullah Al-Senussi, was in charge of the security in and outside the country. The violence of Gaddafi’s regime transcended Libya frontiers as the monitoring of dissidents around the world ended up in the assassination of target opponents that were living in western countries. There were several attempts against Gaddafi’ regime, most of them lead by military officers but any of these efforts generated positive changes. On the contrary the officers and citizens that participated on the coups were arrested, tortured, and sentenced to death or long prison terms. Under such conditions citizens were afraid to express their dissent, but by February 2011, Libyan political history took a decisive turn. Political corruption and excessive freedom restrictions motivated protests that spread over the country. The government resort to the use of force against civilians, a reaction that was condemned for
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