Is Organ Donation Ever Not Accepted?

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Organ donation is a successful process of removing tissues or organs surgically from one person to another (Cleveland Clinic, 2013). Many questions based on organ donation run along the lines of why people do not donate, but many do not realize that not everyone is allowed or able to donate because some people are not physically capable to have a successful transplant (Prigent et al., 2014). Meaning that the donor’s organs are too weak, or the donor’s organs are too old, in some cases the donor and recipient do not have the same blood type, which then causes alloimmunization (Kawano et al., 2014; Prigent et al., 2014). In the United States, there are more than 117,000 people waiting for an organ donor and 18 people on the waiting list die…show more content…
Alloimmunization can either immediately show the rejection of the graft or it can take from eight months to four years (Prigent et al., 2014). There are two main ways to see if a an organ is rejected: the first is recruitment, inflammation, and cell damage and the second is the cytotoxicty of Natural Killer cells which stimulate the killer receptors on the transplanted organ (Prigent et al., 2014). Although there are physical factors that determine if a person is eligible or not, the law and government also play a part in the eligibility of whether or not a person is accepted to donate their organs to a recipient. A man named Christian Longo was sentenced to death for the murder of his family (Ramage, Bean, & Johnson, 2011, p. 308). In prison, Longo came to the conclusion of voluntarily donating his organs after death (Ramage, Bean, & Johnson, 2011, p. 308). His appeal was rejected not by the state, but by the prison authorities because they do not believe that the public and the inmates would not be pleased with this service (Ramage, Bean, & Johnson, 2011, p. 308-309). In the United States, there are more than 3,000 prisoners on death row and most would have healthy organs and tissues when they die (Ramage, Bean, & Johnson, 2011, p. 308). Some states use three lethal injections
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