Is Tribal Identification Is The Most Socially Salient Identity? Essay

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Coethinicity argues that tribal identification is the most socially salient identity in Kampala, Uganda. Based on a series of experiments, the authors of Coethnicity found that homogenous ethnic identity was crucial to the pursuit of the common good based on the shared ethnic norm of reciprocity. Contrary to this idea, I will argue that this assumption is empirically questionable and ultimately unhelpful in the broader quest to understand how “ethnicity” and politics relate because there are other factors involved that Coethnicity does not take into account. Before expanding on this idea I will first offer a deeper account into Coethnicity’s findings. Next, I will develop my argument using the ideas of Burbanker, Bates, and Posner. With these accounts I will demonstrate Coethnicity over simplifies politics in Africa and there other factors that should be considered like motivation and other external factors.
Co-ethnicty begins by developing the assumption that ethnic diversity provides the explanation for failures of cooperation from members of different communities. Failures like, failing to launch initiatives to fight crime, collect garbage, and maintain drainage channels in the Mulago-Kyebando ethnically diverse communities. The book takes this idea as given and then goes forth to explain that Coethnics are more likely to cooperate as demonstrated through a variety of experimental games, such as the prisoner’s dilemma, in Kampala, Uganda (19). Ultimately their results

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