Jews During The 19th Century

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Jews have a fairly long history in Hungary. It is believed that the first Jews settled in Hungary in the 2nd century CE (World Jewish Congress). In 1251 there was a Jewish charter that put all the Jews under royal protection. After this, there was a large number of Jews that moved to Hungary which led to the development of historical communities. After the annexation of Hungary by the Ottoman Turks, Jews lived in peace, as long as they paid taxes. Along with the expulsion of the Ottoman Turks, the Jews disappeared from Hungary. It was not until the 18th century where Ashkenazi Jews starting arriving from Czech and German territories (World Jewish Congress). By the end of the 18th century there were just under 100,000 Jews living in…show more content…
Over 400,000 Jews were moved from their homes to ghettos. In May 1944, deportation began. Some Jews escaped to Romania, neutral countries, or Budapest. Zionists helped Jews by providing fake passports, food, clothing, and places to hide. Unfortunately, Budapest did not always remain a safe haven for Hungarian Jews. The majority of these Jews were sent to ghettos. By January 1945, nearly 98,000 Jews from Budapest had died on marches to Austria. At the end of the war, about 565,000 Hungarian Jews perished (Jewish Virtual Library).
Post-Holocaust, about 250 Jewish communities were reestablished, mainly in Budapest. The Hungarian government abolished their anti-Jewish legislation. In December 1948, the Jewish communities were recognized, guaranteed religious freedom, and were promised financial support. At this time, the Zionist movement started building schools and youth groups. Diplomatic relations with Israel were established in 1948, which led to a large group of Hungarian Jews immigrating to Israel.
The rise of the Communist Party led to the closure of many Jewish institutions and the arrest of Jewish activists. Mass immigration to Israel was not allowed. About 20,000 Jews from Budapest were forced to leave. The year 1967 marked the end of diplomatic ties to Israel. (Jewish Virtual Library). In the 1970s, there were only about 60,000 Jews in Hungary, with many of them living in Budapest. The fall of the communist government ended the
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