Question 3 and 4: There were many historic figures in the movement. I am going to list several and give their respective contributions to the movement.
1. John Wesley – he was one of the founders of Methodist. He introduced organization and purpose into the movement. He defended the movement to keep it alive. He provided the gospel in the colony in different languages.
2. Charles Wesley helped promote the Methodist movement.
3. Samuel Wesley and Susanna Wesley – Parents of John Wesley. They provided their children with their first formal and religious education. Visiting the shut in probably came from Samuel Wesley. The importance of education to youth probably came from Wesley’s parents.
4. Jeremy Taylor help John understand what “true religion” was and …show more content…
Sarah Kirkham was Wesley’s closest female friend and a shared partner in his vision of Christian commitment and holy living.
9. John Clayton introduced Wesley to the program of the Manchester nonjurors who focused on the life and thought of early Christianity.
10. Sir John Phillips was the prime mover in the SPCK and a substantial contributor to the Oxford Methodists’ causes.
11. John Clayton influenced John Wesley on the importance of discipline in his work and schedule. He introduced “Stationary fasts” into the groups. He introduced social activities into the group. He altered the character of the group by introducing a subsidiary level of group participation. He promoted a scheme to spread the movement. He helped Wesley to go to the new colony.
12. Benjamin Ingham brought Whitefield into the group. He traveled with John Wesley to the Colony. He discovered the small group in the colony. He promoted the group design. Charles Delamotte
13. August Spangenberg was the Moravian leader. He counseled Wesley as to his personal state of salvation.
14. Robert Hows the parish clerk in Savannah. Help bring the Wesley movement to the Colony. He introduced the small group in the colony to
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William Carey was called the father of Modern Missions for two reasons. One reason was his prolific letters and pamphlets, writing in support of World Mission outreach. The other reason was Carey’s development of a functioning structure for deployment of Missionaries.
George would later attend Oxford to obtain his undergraduate degree. It was at school that George was introduced to John Wesley through his participation in the Holy Club. Mark Noll explained this time by saying, “Whitefield had been an Oxford undergraduate of very modest means when he was recruited into the Holy Club where John Wesley and his brother, the hymn writer Charles, were prominent”. Noll goes on to say that it was through the participation in the club that George was saved. After Whitefield graduated his talent for preaching was almost immediately recognized. He was asked to travel to many churches throughout England preaching the good news of Jesus Christ. Arnold Dallimore explained that during this time that people would simply try to touch George’s garments as he passed them. Though Whitefield had celebrity type success in England he was called to continue his preaching in America.
Another key figure is William Penn. He and John Winthrop had differing views. Penn practiced religious tolerance. He reached out to suffering religions in Europe and invited them to his
Another inspiring activist during this time was the phenomenal Medgar Evers who was born as a gift to our people on July 2, 1925. He indeed made a huge impact during this time in his efforts to overturn segregation. He involved his self in a many of organization one being RCNLS boycott. This boycott was all for the reason of African Americans being denied the use of filling stations restroom. Another act he was a major part in was NAACP in the state of Mississippi. For those who are probably inquiring about what those four letters stand for ill clear it up it’s the shortened abbreviation of National Advancement Association of Colored People. This association was all for the better of African Americans and equality the opportunities to be able to have the same rights as any other human being. Medgar Evers was a man of compromise and understanding. He was very determined to stick around and help black and whites. Unfortunately his life was unfairly taken
John Winthrop’s “A Model of Christian Charity” has been portrayed as one of “American literatures earliest important documents” (Schweninger, 1990, p.46) partly because of how it represents a vision of a community of purpose and potential. The most important way that Winthrop achieves this is through the use of religion, focusing particularly on the role of Puritans. Puritans lived life through the theory that God controlled the social order and the chosen ones and that life was dedicated towards the Lord and Christianity. Author Michael Kammen refers to Puritans as “paper trails” due to them becoming a fixed point of origin and thus, Puritans such as Winthrop, hoped to “kindle a gospel light that would shine forth once more in a New England”
Winthrop's sermon, “Model of Christian Charity,” was filled with biblical rhetoric to inspire and compel his listeners to work together as one body for the good of the entire community and for the pleasure of God. He believed that the world and God would be watching the colony to see if it would truly become what God intended, which to Winthrop was a “city upon a hill” to be admired and replicated. He used his sermon to persuade his audience to be unified in their purpose, establishing a colony that honored Puritan customs, and virtuous in their approach to the great task before them.
John Calvin was born on July 10, 1509. He joined the Protestant Reform while studying as a law student. He published Institutes of the Christian Religion in 1536. The book shared Calvin’s Protestant views. He believed that God only allowed some people to go to heaven without taking into account their good deeds or beliefs. Ultimately, he would become Martin Luther’s successor.
Not many people would be willing to risk their life for what they believe, but John Wycliffe did. He was a theologian, philosopher, church reformer, and a promoter of the first translation of the Bible into english (Britannica Library). John Wycliffe greatly impacted religion today because he dared to stand out.
John Henry Newman was a vital and influential figure in the area of religion. According to the Papal Visit, throughout his life he had been a college tutor, an Anglican priest, a Roman Catholic priest, and a cardinal (“John Henry Cardinal Newman”). In addition, he was an organizer and leader of the Oxford Movement and helped write The Tracts for the Times in attempts to reform the Church of England. He also wrote other works, most notably the Apologia pro Vita Sua, the Grammar of Assent, Lectures on the Prophetic Office of the Church, and the Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine. Subsequently, many of Newman’s publications sparked various responses from other theologians and critics (“John Henry Cardinal Newman”). Thus, John Henry
I was both inspired and challenged by this past week’s readings. Inspired as to the humanness of our condition and yet, God’s persistent loving response to us. Then in as such, challenged by our lack of response to God. Maddox fine tunes Wesley’s approach to God’s accumulative, yet, fluid ‘types’ of grace towards humanity, while Heitzenratzer covers Wesley’s birthing of Methodist doctrine, discipline and practice within a modern lexicon and ‘good ole’ Outler continues to share Wesley’s meticulous day to day faith conundrums and conversions.
One of the places, perhaps "The place" I wanted to see on our Wesley Heritage tour was Aldersgate Street, and in particular the place where Wesley had his heart "strangely warmed". I mean, let's face it, if you're from a Wesleyan Heritage that's the spot isn't it? The true birth place of the Methodist movement began truly when John Wesley had his heart warmed and realized he was loved by God.
I have been a firm believer that if one does not understand where you come from you can have little understanding of where your heading. The first thirty-two pages of the book on “Methodism and the Christian Heritage in England” gave a background as to Wesley’s foundation that so many authors overlook. The first page summed it up best in: “The long course of English ecclesiastical history met the force of a new concern for renewal, both individual and institutional. A long tradition of propositional certainty of faith met the power of a personal experience of faith. An institution built by and for the establishment met a concern for the souls and bodies of the disenfranchised” (p.1, Heitzenrater). This explained the transformation of
John Wesley studied at the University of Oxford where he proved to be quite the scholar. Nearer to the end of Wesley’s studies at university, he became a member of a society which was founded by his brother Charles, mockingly called “the Holy Club”. The Holy Club’s members swore to lead reverent lives, say their daily prayers and take communion once a week.