Juvenile Gangs

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Juvenile Gangs Introduction Juvenile street gangs are expanding, and evolving into crime that has not been linked to gangs in the past, according to the FBI. While they expand into white-collar type crimes like counterfeiting, identity theft and mortgage fraud, they also continue to be involved in illegal activities that they are more well known for, such as drug sales, recruiting new members, violent turf wars, and prostitution, the FBI reports. The number of active street gangs (including gangs in prisons) is around 33,000, and membership in those 33,000 is estimated to be about 1.4 million, the FBI reports. This paper delves into the scholarly literature available about gangs, and for the most part this paper focuses on juvenile gangs albeit some of the data may also include gangs that include older individuals. This paper focuses on gang members' relationships with adults, their interactions with counselors in schools, risk factors associated with gang membership, weapon-related issues and other matters connected to juvenile gangs. What Distinguishes a Juvenile Gang from a Deviant Peer Group? An essay in a book about adolescent psychiatry explains that most scholars researching gangs recognize a youth gang "…as a distinct group recognized by its members and the community" as being involved in acts that are criminal in nature (Thomas, et al, 2013). The groups that are referred to as "hate groups, motorcycle gangs, and prison gangs," while they too may dabble in
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