Juvenile Justice System Research Paper

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The history of the juvenile justice system takes a long trek back in time to England where the line was thinly drawn between troubled adults and adolescence. William Blackstone an English lawyer published his thoughts on the laws of England in the 1760's. English common law which is the back bone to the United States justice system showed no difference between an adult offenders and minor offenders. The youth was treated like anyone else who broke laws, they were held strictly accountable and would face harsh punishment. As time went on often minor offenders would be spending their punishment in prison, it was thought to be a better way to deal with offenders.
Slowly as the 1800's progressed people started to further understand human development …show more content…

He soon noticed that his supervising attempts were becoming a successful way of rehabilitation for the offenders. This was a break through for the juvenile justice system. His work showed that probation would be more effective then putting juveniles behind bars. After he passed away volunteers took over his probation work. In 1869 Massachusetts appointed a state office that was responsible for probation of children under the state's government. After Massachusetts many states would soon follow their footsteps towards a better juvenile system.
In the late 1800's juveniles were starting to get removed from adult criminal court. Most juvenile courts are modeled after the first juvenile court located in Chicago, Illinois. The year it was built Illinois passed an act called the Juvenile Court Act which was also used as a model as other states started creating their own juvenile court. Although juvenile courts were new and had a lot of room for improvement they were turning point for the juvenile justice system. Juveniles would now be tried separate than adults and their punishment would be separate than other court …show more content…

In India the Care and Protection of Children act (2000) was passed which is the juvenile justice framework of the country. Also this would be some of the first studies about female arrests and what exactly caused the rise in female offenders. The United States were one of the only country with juveniles serving life sentences without parole under the age of 18. Also in the early 2000's all juvenile courts in the United States would tri children 17 years of age and younger; but some 17 year old's could be tried as adults with the courts permissions.
As the juvenile justice system progressed the society became split with arguments over things like ways to treat and there is still an argument over which court the juveniles should be tried in. Although the juvenile system is not where it needs to be yet, my paper has proven through its history that progress it has made in the past hundreds of years is truly

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