Juvenile Offenders And Child Welfare Agencies Across The United States

1271 WordsNov 20, 20166 Pages
Background In the criminal justice world, juvenile offenders are of particular concern. In 2014 alone it is estimated that over one million juveniles were arrested in America (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention). According to the National Institute of Justice, juveniles who begin a life of delinquency early are more likely to continue that trend into adulthood, and that once they enter the adult criminal justice system; they are more likely to become worse in their criminal conduct. While most juveniles are likely to stop delinquency by their early twenties, those who continue are more likely to engage in increasingly violent offenses. Maltreatment of juveniles is also a concern in America. In 2014, an estimated 700,000 children were referred to child welfare agencies across the United States. This is a significant number and is concerning. According to Van der Put and de Ruiter 2016, multiple studies have been done on the link between juvenile abuse and neglect and delinquent behavior. However the findings have generally been mixed and there has been no concrete outcome on the effects of maltreatment on juvenile recidivism and adult crimes. Kim, park and Kim 2016 note how past studies have observed a link between childhood maltreatment and crimes continuing into adulthood that included violent offenses. They note however that there have not been many studies that have examined the link between childhood maltreatment and criminal recidivism in people
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