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Laura Kramer Three Agents Of Socialization

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As we grow up we learn about ourselves and our role on earth through our interactions with other people. This process is what makes up the expectation that one is pressured to learn by way of their unique characteristics such as gender, education, and family upbringing. Men are taught that traits such as excelling in sports and studying engineering are deemed “manly”. Laura Kramer tells us in The Sociology of Gender, that a working class man establishes his masculinity by his physical strengths or hsi physical bravery, whereas an upper middle class man is able to establish his masculinity through financially providing comfort to a woman by way of assets of the marriage earned by the man (Kramer, 14). Women are taught that not participating…show more content…
Three agents of socialization that play a huge role in the development of one’s upbringing are family, school, and gender. Family is part of the primary socialization and arguably the most important due to its fundamental role in the process of forming principle values. The second agent of socialization is school. During school young adults are treated as a group rather than individuals. There are many subjects in formal educational that are used to categorize people by their gender, race, and socioeconomic status. The third agent of socialization is gender. Gender plays a huge part in the socialization of people throughout their lives because it sets the expectation for what elements people must incorporate into their…show more content…
“According to the American Association of University Women, the key figure to know is that American women on average make 79 cents for every dollar a man earns. Latina women get 54 percent of what every white man makes; that figure is 63 percent for black women” (Kulwin). Not surprisingly we can see how the impact of gender and race on education puts huge barriers up for women to succeed when studying subjects in STEM which as a result limits their access to the higher paying
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